Independent Assortment Rachel Lipe

Nondisjunction

the failure of one or more pairs of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate normally during nuclear division.

Recessive Genes

For genes on an autosome (any chromosome other than a sex chromosome), the alleles and their associated traits are autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive.

Dominant Genes

For genes on an autosome (any chromosome other than a sex chromosome), the alleles and their associated traits are autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive

Somatic Cell

any cell of a living organism other than the reproductive cells.

Germ cell

a cell containing half the number of chromosomes of a somatic cell and able to unite with one from the opposite sex to form a new individual; a gamete.

Your genotype controls whether you have blonde hair or brown hair or whether you have blue eyes or brown eyes which is your phenotype. Your genes determine your physical features.

Klinefelter's syndrome

Klinefelter's syndrome is when there is an extra sex chromosome. for females it would be xxy and thst causes them to have testosterone and cause them have manlier features.

Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome is a mutation in the twenty first chromosome. In a male there is a extra chromosome. In a female there is a mutation in the twenty first and twenty second chromosomes.

Color blindness

Color blindness is carried in the X chromosome and mostly affects men. Color Blindness causes PEOPLE to either confuse colors or not be able to see them.

Turner's disease

Turners's disease is when there is only a X chromosome and no Y present.

All of these diseases and syndromes are RECESSIVE that occur in the germ cell.

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