OYO Project By Kayden obsintik

Six degrees, written by Mark Lynas, takes the reader on a journey of a hotter future on Earth. Throughout each chapter, Lynas outlines the effect on the planet due to climate change equal to temperature rise of one, two, three, four, five, and six degrees. Each chapter has references to various scientific reports, studies, models, or simulations.

In biology there are six core ideas that connect everything together, almost like an umbrella over the various biology concepts. One of the first core ideas are systems. Systems are individual parts that work together to have a collective function that individual parts cannot perform alone. Unity and diversity is the idea that all living systems share common features or characteristics; however, there is also great diversity among living systems as well this is driven by evolution. Regulation the idea that every living systems lives in a state controlled by feedback system of checks. All living systems, in order to maintain homeostasis, must regulate internally. Interdependence is the idea that all living things depend on others’ outputs for their own survival. Lastly, transformation of energy and matter is the idea that energy moves in one direction constantly getting lost in living systems and matter is recycled through the exchange between living systems. In the following digital artifact, I will be focusing on the core ideas of systems and regulation.

This year I am currently taking Global Themes Honors. So far in the year we have talked about imperialism, the world wars and global crisis, and the cold war. Within all these topics, humans didn’t wait for a threat to come towards them, they began to fight back.

The majority of the book talks about the effects on Earth, natural resources, energy, weather, and etc; however, something discarded until the end of the book was the effect on society and human behavior. This quote references our instinct to blame the “outsiders” for struggles, unfairness, or shortages. One example of this was when the Jews of Europe were persecuted for supposedly hoarding food during time of famine. Warfare has developed from spears and swords to guns, nuclear weapons, and grenades.

“By and large history teaches us that humans do not sit and starve when times get bad; they taken what weapons they can find and move to more promising regions, triggering warfare with whatever groups already inhabit the contested area”(Lynas 234).

World wide climate change is an ongoing current event affecting everyone. Research and scientists have investigated changes in regional or global climate changes.

Several media sources had covered the reduced emissions notion; However, recently president, Donald Trump, threatened taking the United States out of the drafted Paris Pledge, an agreement between 195 other countries to reduce carbon emissions. Donald Trump had deliberately went against the Obama administration policy which was proven effective.

.America, the second largest producer of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere and being such an international powerhouse, the United States, is the model for other developed countries to complete the pledge. The fact that America is such a pivotal factor in the drafting of the Paris Pledge and that they threatend out, created a domino effect for other developed countries.

"Part of the global climate conversation is focused on financial assistance to poorer countries. Developed nations agreed to give $100 billion a year by 2020, which will require coordination and planning on a large scale, and the United States may have a critical role in that planning"( Lee, Pearce 1)

The entirety of the book Six Degrees is based on climate change, not only during the current day and age but in the future as Earth's temperature continues to climb.

Video below shows the emotional side of climate change that the book only merely touches upon.

In this digital artifact, I focused on the core ideas of regulation and systems referenced in the book Six Degrees.

Another core idea connected to Mark Lynas' book is interdependence

Interdependence is the idea that all species rely on one another in order to survive. Living things do not exist alone in nature. All living systems need inputs that come from other (biotic and abiotic) systems. All living systems produce outputs that other systems depend on for their survival.

Lynas writes, "Both parties benefit: The coral gets the sugars that the algae produce by photosynthesizing light (turning it intro energy), while the algae derive fertility from the polyp's waste products. But this cozy relationship can only continue in the right aquatic conditions: Once the coral's thermal tolerance threshold of 30℃ (86℉) is crossed, the algae are expelled, and the 'bleached' corals will die unless cooler waters return quickly" (Lynas 57).

This quote shows a relationship between two organisms that depend on one another and the impact of climate change can destroy this relationship leading to the extinction of both organisms because they cannot exist alone in nature.

This book was very different than I thought it was going to be. Instead of telling a story throughout each degree, it was a montage of various studies and history lessons. I would recommend it to someone who is interesting in Earth sciences because it goes very in depth and can drag if you aren't reading it with a purpose. I didn't like the book in ways that the author contradicted himself. After citing a specific research, study, or model he would directly input reasons as to why the source or information wasn't accurate. Six Degrees has made me more curious about Biosphere 2, an experiment in which scientists once tried to build a sealed living world nicknamed Biosphere 2. The experiment showed that functioning ecosystems cannot be created artificially.

Works Cited

"Facts, Figures, and Policies on Global Warming - Montana Environmental Information Center." Montana Environmental Information Center Facts Figures and Policies on Global Warming Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2017.

Jasmine C. Lee and Adam Pearce. "How Trump Can Influence Climate Change." The New York Times. The New York Times, 08 Dec. 2016. Web. 03 Apr. 2017.

"The Kastner Report "The German Occupation of Europe" Http://www.HolocaustResearchProject.org." The Kastner Report "The German Occupation of Europe" Http://www.HolocaustResearchProject.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2017.

Lynas, Mark. Six Degrees: Our Future on a Hotter Planet. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2008. Print.

"Nature Geoscience." Nature.com. Macmillan Publishers Limited, 2017. Web.

"Trash Climate Change Methane Gas:." Time. Time, n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2017.

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