Definition: A severe form of anemia in which a mutated form of hemoglobin distorts the red blood cells into a crescent shape at low oxygen levels. It is most common among those of African descent.
Cause: changes the way the hemoglobin works and makes the blood cell into a rod shape. There are about 250,00 children born annually with sickle cell anemia
Infants can with sickle cell animea symptoms are painful swelling in the feet, and hands. Fatigue, yellowish coloring of the skin or whites of eyes. The symptoms may vary in person.
By a screening test and also by taking a sample of amniotic fluid. It looks for sickle hemoglobin.
The birth defect can be detected before the birth with the sample of the amniotic fluid.
Treatments are penicillin and immunization so that they have less of a chance of getting a severe er infection.
They each experience pain differently and have different way to handle it. They may experience emotional problems from being sad and depressed.