Virtual Leaf Collection Courtney Shepard

Pin Oak

Querus Palustris

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fagales

Family: Fagaceae

Genus: Quercus

Species: Quercus palustris

Description: wood is heavy and strong; used for railroad ties; large tree; in the fall, the leaves change from a dark green to a scarlet red; the leaves usually stay on the tree into winter; usually only requires management the first year

Silver maple

Acer saccharinum

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Sapindales

Family: Aceraceae

Genus: Acer

Species: Acer saccharinum

Description: medium sized tree; grows along streambanks, marshes, and other moist areas; leaves grow up to six inches and have five lobes; leaves turn yellow in the fall

Willow oak

Quercus phellos

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fagales

Family: Fagaceae

Genus: Quercus

Species: Quercus phellos

Description: large tree; different from other oaks because of its slender leaves; usually seen along streams and marshes; leaves turn pale yellow in the fall; leaves do not have teeth

Wild Cherry

Prunus avium

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Rosales

Family: Rosaceae

Genus: Pronus

Species: Pronus avium

Description: small tree; can grow in almost any soil; leaves are dark green on top and pale green on the bottom; fruits are small and turn from orange to red to black; bark is dark grey and scaly; as it gets older, the bark gets rougher

sugar maple

Acer saccharum

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Sapindales

Family: Aceraceae

Genus: Acer

Species: Acer saccharum

Description: large tree; leaves are broad and flat; leaves are yellow in spring; grows in fertile, moist, and well drained soils; widely distributed in Ohio; wood is hard and heavy; used for flooring, furniture, and musical instruments

american redbud

Ceris canadensis

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fabales

Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Ceris

Species: Ceris canadensis

Description: humingbirds use this tree for nectar; Native Americans used the bark for tea; usually one of the first trees to bloom in the spring; pink to reddish flowers are grown on old twigs; leaves are heart shaped

Carolina buckthorn

Rhamnus caroliniana

Domain: Eukaria

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Tracheophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Rosales

Family: Rhamnaceae

Genus: Rhamnus

Species: Rhamnus caroliniana

Description: small tree or large shrub; grows in dense shade; leaves are shiney green and pale underneath; fruit is bright red that stays on the tree into October; barkis thin, thight, and smooth

Autumn olive

Elaeagnus umbellata

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Rhamnales

Family: Elaegnaceae

Genus: Elaegnus

Species: Elaegnus umbellata

Description: Small tree or shrub; leaves are ovel shaped and have no teeth; leaves are dark green with silver-white scales underneath; fruit is round and reddish pink and dotted with scales; invasive species; thrives in poor soil

Tree of heaven

Ailanthus altissima

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Sapindales

Family: Simaroubaceae

Genus: Ailanthus

Species: Ailanthus altissima

Description: Fast growing tree introduced to the U.S. from China; produces clusters of small yellow-green flowers; rapidly produces seeds; bark is light brown to pale grey

Black locust

Robina pseudoacacia

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fables

Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Robina

Species: Robina psuedoacacia

Description: Medium sized tree; perfers sandy or rocky soil; Laeves are made of 7-19 leaflets (always in pairs); at night, the leaflets fold up and droop; bark is light grey with deed furrows

Sassafras

Sassafras albidum

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Laurales

Family: Lauraceae

Genus: Sassafras

Species: Sassafras albidum

Description: Has three differently shaped leaves: three lobed, mitten shaped, and simple; the leaves turn red, yellow, and orange in the fall; can grown new trunks from old stumps

Eastern dogwood

Cornus florida

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Cornales

Family: Cornaceae

Genus: Cornus

Species: Cornus florida

Description: Small tree; trunk is usually less than 8 inches wide; leaves turn bright red in the fall; bark is darkreddish brown and rough with many square like plates; fruits are small and shiny red

Boxelder

Acer negundo

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Sapindales

Family: Aceraceae

Genus: Acer

Species: Acer negundo

Description: Wood is light, soft, and weak; used for boxes, crates, low quality furniture, and interior finishing; produces sap high in suger content; disease prone

virginia pine

Pinus virginiana

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Coniferophyta

Class: Pinopsida

Order: Pinales

Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Pinus

Species: Pinus virginiana

Description: Small to medium sized tree; bark is reddish brown; needles are short; flowers are small yellow cylenders at the end of a branch; needs pleanty of sun to survive; grows very fast

American beech

Fagus grandifolia

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Fagales

Family: Fagaceae

Genus: Fagus

Species: Fagus grandifolia

Description: Medium sized tree; clear, strait trunk; lives around 400 years; leaves are thin and dark blue-green; thr fruit is an edible triangular nut called a beech nut; twigs are slender, round, and olive green

Tulip poplar

Liriodendron tulipifera

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Magnoliales

Family: Magnolioceae

Genus: Liriodendron

Species: Liriodendron tulipifera

Description: Wood is light, soft, and brittle; resistant to insect and disease damage; leaves turn yellow in the fall; bark on younger trunks is smooth and shallow, but older bark becomes thick with deep furrows

green ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Serophulariales

Family: Oleaceae

Genus: Fraxinus

Species: Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Description: Cattle utilizes green ash habbitats for shade, water, and protection; leaves are 8-12 inches long with 5-9 leaflets; twigs are pale grey; bark is dark brown

eastern ceadar

Juniperus virginiana

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Coniferophyta

Class: Pinopsida

Order: Pinales

Family: Cupressaceae

Genus: Juniperus

Species: Juniperus virginiana

Description: Large evergreen tree; leaves are scaly and very short; bark is reddish brown and peels off in sheets; provides shelter for small animals

american sycamore

Platanus occidentalis

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Hamameelidales

Family: Platanaceae

Genus: Platanus

Species: Platanus occidentalis

Description: One of the largest hardwood trees; trunk is 2-4 feet wide; has large, spreading, crooked branches; leaves have 3-5 lobes; leaves turn brown in the fall; bark is smooth with white slotches and peels off in large flakes

sweet gum

Liquidcumber styraciflua

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Hamamelidales

Family: Hamamelidaceae

Genus: Liquidcumber

Species: Liquidcumber styraciflua

Description: Large tree; trunk is strait and up to 3 feet wide; grows along streambanks and lakes; leaves are star shaped and turn red in the fall; has a pleasant smel; bark is grey and has deep furrows

How to Make a Physical Leaf Collection

Collecting your leaves

When collecting leaves for your leaf collection, try to find a good variety of leaves from different trees. Make sure that your leaves are close to the same size and are not damaged. To keep your leaves safe while transporting them to the classroom, put them between the pages of a magazine (the magazine does not substitute a leaf press).

Pressing your leaves

In order to preserve each leaf's color and to minimize spoilage, you need to press each leaf with a leaf press. You can use a real leaf press with the following link: https://www.amazon.com/Moulin-Roty-Jardin-Flower-Press/dp/B004DSG5O0/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1491772967&sr=8-1&keywords=leaf+press. However, this is a rather expensive option. For a cheaper version, you will need newspaper, plywood, and a weight (textbook, brick, etc.). First, find an area with good air circulation and lay a sheet of newspaper down on a flat surface. Lay 3-4 leaves on the newspaper and add several sheets of newspaper on top of the leaves. Repeat this process for the rest of your leaves. Then, put your weights on top of the top layer of newspaper and let it sit for 1 week.

Displaying your leaves

Be careful when handling the pressed leaves as they are brittle and easy to damage. Lay the leaves on a fresh sheet of news paper and spray them with acrylic spray to help preserve them. In a medium of your choice (book, printer paper, poster board, etc.) glue the leaves onto a clean flat surface. Have your students figure out the common name and the scientific name for the leaf and have them give a description of the leaf.

Credits:

Created with images by flyupmike - "allgäu autumn leaves" • B. J. Deming - "Pin oak leaves in fall November 2011 Cohoes A" • PublicDomainPictures - "cherry berry tree" • Superior National Forest - "Maple leaves close up" • Joel Olives - "Warmth on a cold autumn day" • Nicholas_T - "Columbia Wildlife Management Area (Revisit) (11)" • The Equinest - "Black Locust Tree Blossom" • treegrow - "Sassafras" • geopungo - "Pine Dew" • treegrow - "American Sycamore" • waldopics - "cosas 1"

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