Population Growth by justin Sautter

Part 1

Population Growth is an increase in the number of people that reside in a city, state, country, and the Earth. This is a global issue that we face because as soon as this growth leads to overpopulation, then many other challenges arise. Population growth and its issues can be split into three subtopics: Loss of Natural Resources, Loss of space, and Urbanization.

Loss of Resources

As the population of the earth rises, so will humans' increasing need for natural resources. Of these resources, food and clean water will be the most difficult to acquire as our need for it rises with the ever-growing population.

http://www.wri.org/blog/2013/12/global-food-challenge-explained-18-graphics

Humans need to generate a roughly 69% increase in total calorie production from 2006 to 2050 to attempt to have enough food for almost 10 billion people on Earth.

Loss of Space

In a growing population the population density subsequently rises. Because there will be more humans on the planet, there will be less space for crops, housing, and unused land.

By 2100 the projected population density of almost all major countries will have increased by a wide margin from today's population density. The most notable of these density increases is India, conceivably skyrocketing from about 414 people per square kilometer today to a projected 568 people per square kilometer in 2100.

Urbanization

With an ever growing population and an increasing global population density, urban centers around the world will become an even larger percentage of people on Earth. People in high density cities are in greater danger of increased poverty, greater pollution, and natural disasters.

http://conversableeconomist.blogspot.com/2013/05/global-urbanization-and-governance.html

As more and more people live in cities, especially those on the coast, they will see and experience the effects of climate change initiated by human pollution. When more humans live in urbanized areas, human pollution will rise(ignoring technology advancements) giving way to more climate change such as air pollution and rising sea levels.

UNFPA, State of World Population 2009

Part 2

A population increase from the past towards today already shows signs of danger for the human populations living around the world. Overlooking the growth in population from the past and its current effects will only contribute to the issue in the future.

This video shows that in recent years(since the start of modern medicine), the human population has been rapidly increasing more and more year after year. As the video expressed, humans are taking up more land each year and already contributing to the problem of loss of space.

“Man begets, but land does not beget. ” ― Cecil Rhodes
In 2005, it is shown that the world energy consumption was greater than that of the world food consumption. Extrapolating this trend, it is easy to see that as humans keep growing as a population, energy will be one of the easier resources to obtain while more food will be even harder to secure for a growing population.

Proposed Solutions to Overpopulation

One-Child Policy

Pic 1: https://newbloommag.net/2015/11/26/one-child-policy-end/ Pic 2: http://alexatsintolas.weebly.com/propaganda.html Graph: http://www.china-mike.com/chinese-culture/society/one-child-policy/

Advantages: Reduce over population problems, Lowered poverty rates, Incentives for complying partners

Disadvantages: Abortion and infanticide, Major gender imbalance, Major generational imbalance

Improved Sexual Education

Periodic estimation of the incidence of global unintended pregnancy can help demonstrate the need for and impact of family planning programs. Eighty-five million pregnancies, representing 40 percent of all pregnancies, were unintended in 2012. Of these, 50 percent ended in abortion, 13 percent ended in miscarriage, and 38 percent resulted in an unplanned birth. ...incidence of unwanted and mistimed pregnancies should decline in the coming years. (Studies in Family Planning 2014)

40% of pregnancies are unintentional and unplanned meaning 80 million births every year, on average, are unintended. A better sexual education would decrease the growing overpopulation problem that the world faces.

Part 3

India is currently facing some of the greatest effects of population growth in the world. The country currently faces the highest growth rate in the world as well as dealing with the severe results of the continuous population increase.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-22907307

The two largest challenges that India will face due to the rising population is urbanization and a problem of national hunger.

The most important problem in all cities has been housing the sudden and large scale influx of migrants from rural areas to urban areas especially the metropolises and state capitals. Due to lack of housing, in every city almost fifty percent population live in slums.

A sudden increase of India's urban population along with non-proactive metropolises will give rise to ill-planned urban centers that do not support everyone living there. From 2001 to 2011, India's urban population increased from 27.8 percent to 31.16 percent and is still continuing to rise. In these metropolises, more people are living below the poverty line as the population continues to grow

In 2012, India was ranked 66th in the Global Hunger Index compiled by IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute). It is one of only three countries in Asia where the level of hunger is deemed “alarming”; the other two are Nepal (ranked 60th) and Bangladesh (ranked 68th).

The problem of hunger in India is not that there is not enough food produced, but that there is difficulty in storing and transporting the food with security throughout the country. As the population grows, this problem will only get worse because it will be increasingly hard to feed the increasing number of people.

http://www.fao.org/docrep/006/j0083e/j0083e03.htm

As the population of India grows, this number will get even larger and more out of hand. It is still unable no access food for millions of people.

Created By
Justin Sautter
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Created with images by Yandle - "Corn Field" • Dick Thomas Johnson - "Shibuya Crossing" • giesje - "pregnant little boy young"

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