Franklin Pierce 14th President--Elected in 1852--Democratic Party--Served 4 years


Franklin Pierce was born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire on November 23rd, 1804. At the age of 12 Pierce left public school to attend private academies. Pierce joined the temperance movement and work as an attorney. He was a terrible alcoholic. He was married to Jane Pierce and they had three sons, Franklin, Benjamin, and Franklin Jr. He then died on October 8th, 1869 from Liver Cirrhosis.

Franklin Pierce

Major Events Defining Presidency

1) In 1854 "Bleeding Kansas" guerilla war between pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers as they attempted to establish "popular sovereignty"- last for 2 years

2) Nebraska Act- designed to solve the issues of expanding slavery into the territories. This failed and was a lead to the American Civil War.

3) The Gadsden Purchase Treaty signed gave the U.S. 45,000 sq. miles of Northern Mexico

Interesting Facts

  • He was the first President to present his address from memory, which was over 3,000 words long. He used no holes or references.
  • None of his children reached the age of adulthood.
  • He was the second President to hold office without a Vice President.
  • Pierce was the youngest man to become Cheif Executive.

Quote from the President:

The dangers of a concentration of all power in the general government of a confederacy so vast as ours are too obvious to be disregarded

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