The protests started in 1964. Most people that were involved in the protests were students, mothers, and hippies. Groups and organizations were also against the war including African American civil rights groups, Women’s rights groups, actors, journalists, educators, and military veterans. Most of the protests were nonviolent and peaceful.When the protests turned violent, police used violent tactics, pepper spray, tear gas, and smoke bombs against protestors.
Reasons For the Protests
There were some main reasons which include, opposition to the draft, legal reasons, moral reasons, and more. Many people thought that it was unfair because they drafted lower class people and baby boomers. Martin Luther Kind was against the war which influenced other people to be against the war to.
Students and Refusing Indunction
The number of students involved in women’s rights, African American Civil rights, and anti Vietnam war movements was rapidly growing during the Cold War. Many Americans never even fully understood why we were in the war to begin with. If people refused induction they were sentenced to jail. Muhammad Ali did not go into war; he was immediately stripped of his title, sent to jail for 5 years, banned from boxing for 3 years, and fined $10,000.
Kent State Incident
On April 30th, 1970, president Nixon was featured on TV and said that they needed to draft 150,000 more soldiers. This outraged many students at Kent State; protestors set fire to the ROTC building which caused the government to send 900 National Guardsmen to the campus. On May 4th the guardsmen shot and killed 4 students. About 500 colleges closed because of this event
Types of People Involved
- • Artists used their creativity to express their opposition to the war
- • Their work opposing the war often depicted soldiers dying etc.
- • Filmmakers also made films exposing the terrible events in Vietnam.
- • They had a big impact on the war involvement protests
- • Most women were against the violence of the war
- • They felt bad for the Vietnam civilians that were dying
Black panther party was a group that protested African Americans in the draft along with other things. One person who had a very large impact on African Americans in the war was Dr. King. Martin Luther King gave two speeches, one in Los Angeles and the other in New York City. They were titled "The Casualties of the War In Vietnam" and "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence." He spoke about his opposition to war in general and how inhumane war is. "A nation that continues year after year to spend more money of military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death." said Dr. King. About 12.5% of the people who died in the Vietnam War were African American.
- Many popular musicians were against the war
- They sung about peace and unity a lot
- Some of the more popular songs include: Give Peace a Chance, Handsome Johnny, and Your Flag Decal Won't Get You Into Heaven Anymore
- Hell, no, we won’t go!
- Stop the war, feed the poor.
- Girls say yes to men who say no!
- End the nuclear race, not the human race!
- Hey, hey, LJB! How many kids did you kill today?