First-aid BY Ethan Le

First-aid - a form of immediate help given to those who cannot help themselves in a given medical situation. Everyone should learn first-aid in one way in another, so if you or someone else is put at risk of injury or death in a given situation, you can help you or the people around you.

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First-aid got it's name because often times the first immediate healthcare a person receives. Conditions such as strokes and heart attacks can happen anytime, anywhere and often without warning. So the more people who can perform first-aid, the better.

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The purpose of first-aid is to keep a person alive, stabilize their vitals, and minimize the amount of future injury until they can be treated by trained medical professionals. In SOME, but not all cases, first-aid may even be necessary to keep someone alive. Methods of first-aid include but are not limited to: DRSABC (Danger, Response, Send for help, Airway, Breathing, Circulation)*, the three C's (Check, Call, and Care), making an arm sling, keeping pressure on open wounds, and not removing embedded objects. It can also be beneficial to calm down the victim if need be.

*Keep in mind that this acronym may stand for different things that all may relate to the same topic

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During a first-aid situation, one should always remember to follow DSRABC or the three C's first. Checking for danger should always be the first thing you do. Ask yourself basic safety questions. Are there hazardous objects that may put my life in danger? Is there anyone who can help me? Never rush quickly into a life threatening situation that might endanger your or the victim's life. No one wants more people in need of first-aid. If there are life threatening threats nearby, contact trained medical professionals immediately. They are trained for these types of situations.

Next, you should contact medical professionals if there are no dangerous threats to you. If you are accompanied with a friend or associate, tell them to call for help. Remember to call for help multiple times before assisting the downed victim. When calling for help, speak clearly and loudly so as many people can hear you as possible at a time. If people come and help you, be sure to accurately relay the information you have so they can properly help you. (Personally, I would say communication is key when performing first-aid.)

Afterwards, you should try to calm the person if they are conscious. Be sure to keep a calm and reassuring attitude to support them. Tell them that help is on the way, and that they're not going to die.(Sorry if I'm being a little blunt. I would suggest sugarcoating when speaking to the victim, so they don't end up freaking out.) You should also ask a few icebreaker questions in regards to what their name is, how they got here, and how they ended up where they are. The purpose for this is so that when medical professionals arrive, you can communicate accurately so they can help you in the best way possible.

All body systems need oxygen to function correctly. Your heart should always be pumping blood to your body and brain. If you heart stops beating, than your brain can't function properly, and you'll stop breathing. Regardless of the state the victim is in, they still need oxygen. Techniques such as CPR are first-aid methods that help restore breathing and circulation. CPR involves many different procedures such as checking breathing, rescue breathing, which involves forcing air into one's lungs, and chest compression. Another first-aid tool that can help circulation is known as and AED, or Automated External Defibrillator. Defibrillators use a jolt of electricity to jump start the heart to get it beating again.

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First-aid can be extraordinarily useful in saving a person's life, so all people should learn how to perform it. Recall that the more people who know how to perform first-aid at a given time, the better. It's because since incidents such as heart attacks and broken bones can happen at any time. It's also important to know that not every sudden injury does not require first-aid. If the injury can be treated immediately and effectively, than there is no need for first-aid. However, some concepts from first-aid can still be used in everyday injuries. Remember to ask them how they got injured, how they got there, and above all, show empathy for them and that they were unfortunate enough to get injured in the first place. First-aid can save lives, and if not save them, then keep them alive until they can get better help. That's why it's important to learn first-aid.

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