Voice, Tense, and Mood Study Guide By Sarah Joyce

Active/Passive Voice

active voice: a sentence in which the subject is the doer of the action.

  • Grandma wrapped the presents.
  • She sledded down the hill..

passive voice: a sentence in which the subject is the receiver of the action.

  • The cookies were made by my mom.
  • The hat was worn by my dad.

Progressive/PerfectTenses

progressive tense: forms of be + present participle

am, is, are, was, were, will be

  • She is going Christmas shopping.
  • We will be putting the decorations up tomorrow.

perfect tense: forms of have + past participle

have, has, had, will have

  • They have put the ornaments on the tree.
  • She has bought her Christmas dress.

Indicative Mood

the form of verb used to state a fact or ask a question

  • Christmas is in 25 days.
  • Are we getting our tree tomorrow?

Imperative Mood

the form of verb used to give commands

  • Don't open your presents early.
  • Put the ornaments on the tree.

Emphatic Mood

do + verb (only in declarative sentences)

  • We do go through our stockings first.
  • I did get everything I wanted.

Subjunctive Mood

wish/desire, demand after that, uncertainty, contrary-to-fact, recommendation

trumps all other moods

  • I would get my mom jewelry if I had the money.
  • May you have a Merry Christmas!

Credits:

Created with images by InAweofGod'sCreation - "Frosting" • cocoparisienne - "christmas christmas card texture" • cocoparisienne - "christmas christmas card texture" • cocoparisienne - "christmas christmas card texture" • cocoparisienne - "christmas christmas card texture"

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