Outdoor Ed- CAT 2 By kyalla

Cardiac Emergency

Steps on how to treat a Cardiac Emergency

If your unsure if it a cardiac emergency follow from step 1, if you know that it's a cardiac emergency go to step 6

Note: For all the following procedures seek qualified help if available.

Check for dangers to yourself, the bystanders and the patent. If there are any dangers, remove the dangers. If you can not remove the dangers then remove the patent, if safe to do so.
Check for a response by using the acronym COWS (can you here me, open your eyes what's your name and squeeze the traps of the parent and obsurve for any reaction).
Send for help through by phoning triple zero (000). Request assistance and equipment from bystanders.
Clear the airway by tilting the head backwards and lifting the chin. Clear any visible foreign matter from the patient's upper airway. If vomiting and regurgitation occurs, it needs to be removed from the upper airway to prevent obstruction. To remove the foreign matter you need to roll the patient onto their side (lateral position) and clear the airway. If the patient is responding, and breathing normally, leave them in the lateral position (image shown below). If not roll the patient onto their back and continue resuscitaton.
Lateral position
Check for any signs of breathing. LOOK for movement of the chest and upper abdomen, LISTEN for sounds of normal breathing, with your ear close to the patient's nose and mouth, FEEL for any movement of air from the patient's mouth or nose with your cheek.
Commence CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation), do this by positioning yourself in a comfortable position in relation to the patient, kneel close to and alongside the chest of the patient so that you can apply vertical rhythmic compressions. This position will vary slightly depending on the patient and your own body type. Place your hands on the lower half of the patient's sternum. Perform 30 compression on the centre of the chest, compressing around one-third of the depth of the patient's chest, followed by two breaths. 30 compressions and 2 breaths is what we call a cycle. You are to perform 5 cycles in 2 minutes.

Note: there is a possibility that ribs may fracture while performing compressions. If so, you should still continue CPR.

Attach an automatic external defibrillator (AED/ defib). Turn on the AED and follow the instructions, push flashing shock button if directed.

Note: If possible have a qualified person to operate the AED. If there's no one qualified around. Make the decision personally if you will complete the process.

Chain of survival

The key to a successful resuscitation is the principal of the 'chain of survival'. This comprises early access, early CPR, early defibrillation and early advanced life support.


Created with images by apasciuto - "Ocean"

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