What is Depression?
Depression is a medium-term brain disorder characterized by sad or depressed moods.
Stages of depression
The stages of depression are clinical, mild, and severe.
- Severe depression is when a person is feeling depressed most of the time. The person feels upset, sluggish, and loses interest in many activities. During this kind of depression, it is very easy for people to gain or lose weight. It can cause insomnia, thoughts of suicide, and trouble in decision making.
- Clinical depression is very similar to severe depression. With this type of depression, the person feels tired and without energy almost every single day. It can cause extreme insomnia or excessive sleeping constantly. This type of depression causes major weight gain or losses, and gives you extreme thoughts of suicide. Both clinical and severe depression are caused by brain circuits that connect different parts of the brain that regulate your mood. Other causes could be stress, illness, medications, or self problems as well.
- Mild depression is the lowest stage of depression. It is often categorized as "Dysthymia". Usually, the person has mild depression with normal moods as well. The symptoms are not as severe as the other types of depression. It causes things the other types have such as insomnia, weight gain or loss, fatigue, suicidal thoughts, and sadness, just not as extreme. No one really knows for sure what causes this kind of depression, but experts say genes may be a part of the problem.
Treatments for Depression
Some treatments to get rid of depression include:
- Therapy - people often go to cognitive behavioral therapy, regular behavioral therapy, or psychotherapy
- Medication - you can have your doctor or therapist prescribe you medicines including Antidepressants, Anxiolytics, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, or Antipsychotics.
If the depression is left untreated, it could last from 6 to 18 months, even though the average is about 8 months. Treated depression usually lasts from 6 weeks to 3 months. Depression occurs after a depressive episode. It develops in about 2 to 3 weeks.
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