Who Were the Buffalo Soldiers?
The buffalo soldiers were a specific group of African American Civil War Veterans. After the congress passed legislation to create 6 units (four of them were combined into two) of all black infantries, the 9th and 10th calvaires from the civil war and later on the 24th and 25th infantries were what the buffalo soldiers consisted of. These men are most well known for fighting the Native Americans on the Western frontier. However, they also caught cattle and horse thieves and built roads. In addition, they protected U.S. mail, stagecoaches and wagons.
Where does the name come from?
There are many reasons and theories as to where the name “Buffalo soldiers” came from. One is that the Native Americans believed that the soldiers curly hair looked like Buffalo hair. Another theory is that their brave and fierce nature was similar to that of the Buffalo. One last belief is that the name was given to them because of the buffalo hide coats they wore in the winter.