The Terracotta Army literally means "soldier and horse funerary statues. This is a group of statues that shows the army of Qin Shi Huang. He was the first emperor of China. The Terracotta army was a form of funerary art that was buried with the Emperor which is meant to protect him in the afterlife.
The construction of the tomb started shortly after the Emperor turned 13 and took the throne. The project involved 700,000 workers. The tomb is located on Mount Li which is favored because of its geology. The north side was rich in gold and the south side was rich in jade.
The Terracotta Army was discovered on March 29, 1974. It was found by farmers who were digging a well about 1.6 km away from the tomb. Mount Li has many underground waterways. Once Chinese archaeologist investigated, they found the largest pottery group to ever be found in China.
There were 4 main pits with soldiers in them. They were laid to face the east to protect the emperor.
The Terracotta army each has a different face. They are life sized figures and the tallest ones had the most power. Scholars have identified that they all have 10 basic face shapes. The types of soldiers are armored soldiers, unarmored infantry men, cavalry men, helmeted drivers, chariot drivers, kneeling archers, standing arches, and generals and other men.
There are different uniforms with the different ranks. Some wear knee pads and others wear long or short pants. Originally the statues were colored and now are faded.
These statues are displayed at a museum in London called the British Museum in London. This exhibition made 2008 the museums most successful year. Warriors and other artifacts were displayed in the Foruma de Barcelona.
They have excavated less than 1% of the Kings tomb. It is taking so long in fear of peoples safety and they safety of the artifacts. They have been focusing on the army and still haven't uncovered the emperors tomb itself.