1) What is the relationship in the Trinity? Did God have to create humanity?
The relations in the Trinity is the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. They are all equal through Hypostatic Union. God didn't have to create humanity, but he did in order to express his love.
2) Why is humanity the crowning creation? What makes us different?
Humanity is the crowning creation because humanity was made in God’s image and likeness. We are different because we have free will which means that we can give and receive love, choose consciously between good and evil, and believe or not believe.
3) What are the titles for Jesus, what does each mean and why is each important?
The five title for Jesus are, Jesus, Christ, Son of God, Lord, and Messiah.
Jesus means God saves, Christ means anointed one and it was first used by Peter, Son of God signifies a specific relationship with God, Lord is a title of respect which was used in place of Yahweh for Greeks and first used by Thomas, Lastly, Messiah was the title first used by Peter referring to Jesus as “Christ”.
4) What is the difference between an Apostle and a Disciple? Who is the first Disciple?
The difference between an Apostle and a Disciple is that a Disciple is a student or follower, while the Apostles are Jesus’ closest Disciples. The first Disciple of Jesus is Peter.
5) Who is the perfect mediator between God and Humanity?
“There is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Jesus Christ.” (Timothy 2:5) Jesus Christ is our savior and he was both Divine and man. Jesus was born a man but was recognized as the son of God and the son of man.
6) Why can you not separate personal and communal faith?
To be a disciple of Jesus means you must belong to a community that is committed to Jesus. Believing, as the disciples and apostles did, which points to the need to live God’s love in the community of faith as a response to Jesus Christ’s call.
7) Why can you not separate the Incarnation, Resurrection, and Ascension?
To dispense with the incarnation, resurrection, and ascension means one will not fully understand who Jesus is. These three tenets serve as the foundational beliefs of the Catholic faith and separating these intimately linked beliefs goes against the hypostatic union that Jesus is fully human and fully divine.
8) Why are the above considered mysteries, and what do we know about them?
The Incarnation, Resurrection, and Ascension are all considered mysteries because we will never fully understand what happened to Jesus and how this happened to Him. Regarding Jesus’ Ascension, we know that Jesus is the perfect mediator between God and humanity and He is true God and true Man. Regarding the Resurrection, we know that the people who went to the tomb found out from an Angel that Jesus was no longer dead. Without the resurrection, the gospels are never written and Christianity ceases to exist. Regarding the Ascension, we know that all humanity has the possibility of spending eternity with God in Heaven.
9) What is the Assumption and who is Assumed into Heaven?
The assumption is how Mary was assumed into heaven. Ordinary people around this time could not just be assumed into heaven, therefore Mary in this circumstance was considered holy and special. The Assumption of Mary is a doctrine which teaches that after the mother of Jesus died, she was resurrected, glorified, and taken bodily to heaven.
10) What is the problem with how the Jews viewed the Law?
The problem with how the Jews viewed the law was that Pharisees believed that anyone who disobeyed the law would not be welcomed by the kingdom of god. On the other hand, other Jews believed that only Jews (God’s Chosen People) would be welcomed in the Kingdom of God. This caused conflict based off of beliefs between the two groups. Jesus’ teachings affirmed the Jewish core belief that God was the Lord of creation and that God had given the Law.
11) What does Christ do in the Beatitudes and the Sermon on the Mount?
In the Beatitudes and the Sermon on the Mount, Christ teaches about the Kingdom of God, fulfills the law, challenges the Jews’ misinterpretations of the Law and affirms their belief that God was the Lord of creation and had given the law. He teaches how Christians should act, and describes the actions they should take. Jesus reveals the ultimate meaning of Jewish Law, and that anyone can be in the kingdom.
12) How do the above re-envision the Law?
This re-envisions the Law, because the Jews focused on the laws themselves as a way to get into heaven, but not the spirit of the Law. Jesus teaches that we should follow the spirit of the Law, over the word of the Law. Many Jews also believed that since the Law was given to the Jews, only the Jews would receive the kingdom of heaven. Christ revealed that anyone could be in the kingdom.
13) Why can we not separate Christ's Humanity from his Divinity? What is this called?
We can't separate Christ’s humanity from his Divinity because he is human through the incarnation and Mary’s annunciation. This is called Christological heresy.
14) What are the parables and why did Christ use them?
Parable: a story Jesus told that often had a surprising twist to shock the people who were hearing them into a new way of seeing things.
Examples of the Parables: The Parable of the Prodigal Son, The Parable of the rich man and Lazarus, The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant
Christ has used Parables because Christ wanted to people to look at things in more than one perspective.
15) Explain two of the parables.
The Parable of the Prodigal Son: This famous Parable talked about a father and his sinful son. Even though the son was sinful, the father still brought his son back into his home and life. The father was known for being different than other fathers at the time because other fathers would have disowned their son if he was sinful. Therefore, this shows that the father was like God in a sense because he still saw love in his son even though he was sinful.
The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus: This Parable talked about the rich man and Lazarus. One of the morals of this parable was that if you were a rich man and did not give to the poor, you could not get into the Kingdom of God. However, if you were Jewish, you could still go into the Kingdom of God if you had given to the poor. This shows that giving to the poor gives you the chance to get into the Kingdom of God.
16) What are the Characteristics of Faith?
The Characteristics of Faith are believing without seeing, prayer is necessary for proper faith, Catholic Action is expressed, faith is necessary for salvation and it gives reassurance in our beliefs.
17) What is the relationship between Pilate and the Jewish authorities concerning Christ's death?
The relationship between Pilate and the Jewish authorities is that the Jewish authorities needed permission from Pilate to condemn Jesus to death. The Jewish leaders brought Jesus to Pilate and told him of his crimes, which is when Pilate questioned him and asked if he was innocent or not. However, in doing this both Pilate and the Jewish officials did not want to start a revolt.
18) What evidence do we have for the Resurrection? Which is most prevalent? Which is least prevalent?
Historical validity of the New Testament books and letters
You can find it in all four Gospels, in the letters of Saint Paul, and in the speeches contained in the Acts of the Apostles
If the tomb was not empty, surely the Romans or the Jewish religious leaders would have produced the corpse to put to rest the rumors of Jesus’ Resurrection right away. TIED FOR LEAST IMPORTANT due to reliance on speculation
The most prevalent is Change in Jesus' followers
The Shroud of Turin is tied for least prevalent because it was used as a dating price rather than evidence (but science cannot disprove it)
19) What are the three titles of Christ taken from Scripture about His death, and why is each important?
Suffering Servant- allusion to the Jewish passage about an unnamed servant of the Lord who suffers greatly—not as punishment for his own sins but to save the people from theirs. This focuses on that our sins and transgressions lead to Jesus suffering, and that he died for us. This title led to early Christians understanding Christ as God's Plan.
Paschal Lamb- this refers to Jesus as the lamb of Passover, which dated back to the Exodus of the Jews from Egypt. "Jesus is referred to as the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world." This signifies Jesus' sacrifice as the blood of the lamb that washes away our sins.
Ransom for Many- a ransom was the price to be paid to release a slave in the Roman World. To reach the gentile population, Jesus was referred to as "Ransom for Many" which not only signified a connection to God, but also depicted an image of liberation. “This is God’s great gift of love to us, the freely offered sacrifice of God himself, in the person of Jesus Christ."