What are these things?
Roman Aqueducts are like very more complex versions of pluming than we use today. They are long bridges that help carry clean water to the Romans. The strange part thought is that most of these bridges are underground which you guys are gonna find out more about this later on.
Why were these contraptions built?
Romans built these great structures for many reasons. One is that they built them to carry fresh water for the Romans to drink. The other reason was to help all the muddy water not run thought the streets. The third reason is that Romans loved to bath. The water usually would be carried 50 to 60 miles just to get to the city. Although if the water was still dirty they would sent it to farms for them to use. There are still a ton of other reasons, but those are just a few.
Why were they underground?
Aqueducts were underground for a few reasons. One is to help erosion not happen so quickly. Another is to not cause a ton traffic. The last reason is because of robbers. That is why they are almost all underground
What are they made of?
Roman Aqueducts are made of a few hard to get objects. Two of those objects are stone and brick. The most hardest to get object though is the volcanic cement.
How big is it?
Roman aqueducts had to be quite big to work. Overall they were 260 miles long, but only 30 of those miles were above ground. If you wanted to stick a pole down in the earth to touch it that pole would have to be 5, 10, and or 20 feet.
Where were they located in Rome?
We already know that these contraptions were above and underground. They would lead these big things from springs or rivers to cities. Clean water weirdly could not travel upstairs. You guys may be wondering'' Why does it clean water not travel up there?'' Well the reason why was because of drainage. So to get rid of the dirty water they drew it out the window and let it travel out into the streets.
How did they work?
Gravity was the key to making this work. If the water was to shallow it would spill out and cause a mess. It would also become undrinkable. Once it reached the city it would go into a large tank above ground called a castellum. From there small pipes would lead the rest of the water to a second castellum. There on tiny little pipes would lead the water to public fountains, baths, our private homes.
When was it made?
It took the Romans 500 years to build 11 aqueducts.
Who built the aqueducts?
There are a few groups of people who built he aqueducts. These people were often slaves or labors, but without these people over 200 cites would have not had water.