Ancient Greece By: Lucy Murphy Period: 2

Geography and cities: In ancient Greece they used the sea for food and money. Being on a peninsula helps the ancient Greeks with trade. They used the sea by the peninsula to fish for food and to trade fish with other countries. A lot of the islands in ancient Greece were not suitable for life. Islands also made all the settlements farther apart from each other. The Islands made them separate into different cities and different places. The Mountains separated the two parts so much that they considered themselves different countries. The mountains made it hard to travel from one city to another. Because of their transportation in ancient Greece and the natural obstacles (mountains) it made it very hard to trade with different cities. A lot of cities were located by the water because the soil by the mountains was rough and not good to plant crops in so they fished for food in the seas and they traded goods with other countries for things other than fish and seafood. <img src="http://media.web.britannica.com/eb-media/33/1033-004-756041AF.gif" alt="Image result for ancient greece map with cities"/>

Art: Some Greek art was, Drama (Comedies and Tragedies), Poetry, fables, epics, and Architecture. Drama - Ancient Greeks were the first to have Drama. Comedies mean drama with a happy ending and Tragedies end in sad or not happy endings. Comedies and Tragedies usually had one or two actors. Ancient Greek poems are the oldest in the western world and lots of later poets got some of their ideas from ancient Greek poetry. Ancient Greek fables were mostly made up stories with animals talking and/or acting like people in them. Ancient Greek Fables usually had a lesson or a moral in them. The Tortoise and the Hare is one of the best known Fables, it is about a race between a tortoise and a hare. The hare is so confident he will win, that he loses. Epics are a kind of poetry that is a narrative poem and they talk about ancient Greek culture or the nation. Ancient Greek Architecture was made up of something called the post-and-lintel system. The post-and-lintel system is posts upright in rows with a roof that makes every ancient Greek piece of Architecture. The ancient Greek art introduced detail to sculptures and that not only influenced ancient but also other parts of the world like we still have a lot of detail in our art now. They also started with putting pattern in their pottery. Some Greek ideas spread to ancient Rome by the Romans studied Greek art, language, and architecture.

Organized Government: A Tyranny is where one person rules the city or country, nobody else has a say in it just that one person. An Oligarchy is where a small group of people run the city not one person, but people still don’t have a say in it. A democracy is where the people of the town get to vote on rules and other things instead of one person or a group of people choosing things. A representative democracy is where you vote on one representative for the country. A direct democracy is where everyone takes charge and has an active role in the say. Some advantages of a Tyranny are, Do what the ruler wants, No arguing, Everyone must listen, Easy to make a decision, etc. Some Disadvantages are, Fewer ideas, Not everyone is involved, Unfair, No process to have another ruler, etc. Some advantages of an Oligarchy are, More ideas, More input to make decisions, An opportunity to discuss ideas, Some, but less arguing, etc. Some disadvantages to an Oligarchy are, Rulers might not agree, Some people could be unhappy, Rulers could be unwise, etc. Some advantages to a democracy are, Everyone has a voice, most ideas shared, all have potential, equality, etc. Some disadvantages to a democracy are, Some could be unhappy, Majority rules, Most arguing, Takes a long time to hear all opinions. Some examples of places that have a Tyranny are, Cuba, North Korea, and modern Greece. Some examples of places that have a Oligarchy are, China, Venezuela, and the former Soviet Union. Some examples of places that have a representative democracy are, the united States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Now in modern days in is very uncommon to find a country with a direct democracy but one of the rare countries that does have one is Switzerland.

Class divisions: An ancient Greek citizen was someone who wasn’t foreign but was from that Polis or city-state. In ancient Greek citizenship since they legally belonged they were all treated equally so they all had the same rights. Citizenship made the Greeks not be ruled by one person or by a group, they were also allowed to vote if you were a citizen unlike in other countries. Being a citizen also meant you legally belonged to the Polis and as a citizen you had some political rights in your society. Everyone was treated as equal in ancient Greece when you were a citizen unlike in other countries when only a few people had a say in things.

Religion: In ancient Greece they believed in god and goddesses. In ancient Greece they took their religion very seriously, so seriously that they built temple in every town for every god or goddess. Because of their belief in the gods and the goddess they had priests who they believed could talk to the gods and goddess so the priests were respected like the gods and the goddess were

Writing System: The Greek alphabet was made up of letters like English now, some of the letters look like ours now and some look really different. The sounds are just like our sounds in the English language some of the same sounds are, th, l, m, ph, o, etc. The written names are all longer than one letter some of the written names are, alpha, Beta, Delta, gamma, etc. Most names are pronounced the same in Greek as they are in English. Hello, my name is Lucy what is your's? In Greek is, Γεια σας, το όνομά μου είναι Lucy τι είναι για σας; or is pronounced, Geia sas, to ónomá mou eínai Lucy, ti eínai gia sas?

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