The Life of a Diabetic

What is type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that happens because the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas slowly starts to destroy itself and eventually can't produce insulin anymore. You must have insulin because it creates energy after a meal. Type 1 diabetes makes up 5-10% of diabetes diagnosed in the unites states, and is increasing by 3% every year. it is often diagnosed in children and teens. But it is not uncommon to be diagnosed later in adult hood.

Dietary guidelines:

One of the most important things after being diagnosed with diabetes is to consult with a nutritionist. When being a diabetic you must be able to manage your weight, food choices, and exercise choices. A guideline for a diabetic consistences of watching how many carbohydrates you consume. for example is only consuming 45-60 grams per meal. You should not intake more than 180 grams per day. The daily ratio percentage should be 55:20:25 (carbs, fats, protein). You should try and avoid certain carbohydrates in sugary stuff such as: soda, candy, artificial flavoring, white rice, white bread ect.

how to monitor blood sugar?

Being a type 1 diabetic you must take insulin injections to supplement the insulin that is not there. You can inject the insulin with a syringe, pen injector, or a insulin pump. Your doctor will advise you on how often you have to test your blood sugar. If you have type 1 they might advise you to check eight times a day. And if blood sugar levels become too low it can cause a diabetic emergency without quick and correct treatment. When this happens it can turn into Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). When blood sugar is too high it causes Hyperglycemia that can also turn into an emergency. The best way to avoid these things, would be to self-test to stay caught up with the blood sugar levels so that way it doesn't get to high or low.

Life style and excise choices

Good nutrition, good monitoring of carbohydrates, and good physical activity is key. Everyone's exercise needs are different. From what your body can handle, your likes and dislikes, geological location, and equipment and space availability. Walking is the easiest way to be active. its free and can be done practically anywhere. It can strengthen muscles, increases energy, strengthen bones, and increases the numbers of calories burned. When exercising, it is recommended while you exercise you eat a healthy snack and test your blood sugar levels before and after working out.

Graphics or personal stories:

Gary Hall, Jr an Olympic swimmer, was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in the year 2000. When he was diagnosed doctors told him he would never be able to swim at a Olympic level. But later that year he took his first individual gold medal for the 50-meter free style race. He took months to figure out how to manage his condition. With the doctors doubting him , that doubt only wanted to make him pursue his career that much more.

sources cited:

http://www.dlife.com/

http://www.everydayhealth.com/diabetes-photos/celebrities-with-type-1-diabetes.aspx

http://www.diabetes.org/

Credits:

Created with images by tjmwatson - "Tablets" • adonagonzalez - "hands insulin diabetes"

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