Niagara Falls New York Jodi ann Wedderburn

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Up close view of the American side of Niagara Falls. (Personal Stash)

Location: Niagara Falls is situated on the US and Canadian border, separating New York State from the province of Ontario. Niagara Falls, NY is located in western New York on an international border with Canada. It is surrounded by Lake Ontario to the North and the Niagara River to the West. Niagara Falls is located 420 miles from New York City. 475 miles from Boston, 90 miles from Toronto and 20 miles from Buffalo.

Rainbow Bridge, It separates America from the Canada side. Just one of the bridges you can take from America to Canada
How many miles each state is from Niagara Falls New York
Side View of the American Side of the Falls.

How: An area 12,300 years in the making, Niagara Falls State park is a natural wonder unlike any other. The formation of the falls began at the end of the Ice Age. Large torrents of water were released from the melting ice, draining into what is now the Niagara River. Some 12,000 years ago, the water plunged over the edge of the Niagara Escarpment, a cliff at what is now Lewiston, New York. The force of the water wore away the rock layers and Niagara Falls moved upstream, eventually reaching its present location.

Old Picture of the Falls.
Family Fun for all ages.

When: The Niagara Falls formation is a slow process that continues today. The annual freezing and thawing of the Niagara River still wears away at the rocks under the surface. Gradual erosion and periodic rockfalls steadily move Niagara Falls farther upstream. However, modern influences have caused the falls to wear away less quickly. Remedial work has been done to preserve the falls and the volume of water has been reduced by diversion for hydroelectric power.

The American Falls are 180 feet high and 1,100 feet long. The water that runs over the falls comes from the Great Lakes. Ninety percent of the water goes over the Horseshoe Falls. Originally, as much as 5.5. billion gallons of water per hour flowed over the falls. Today the amount is controlled by the Canadian and American governments to slow erosion. In addition, some of the water is diverted to provide power for the United States and Canada, making Niagara Falls the largest source of electric power in the world.

Why: Near the end of the last ice age, around 12,500 years ago, the Niagara River began to flow over a large cliff known as the Niagara Escarpment. The cliff is located at the northern end of the Niagara Gorge. It is here that Niagara Falls first formed. Over thousands of years the falls carved through the underlying rock, and as the falls receded due to erosion, it formed the 6.8 mile gorge that we see today.

America Side of the Falls. Boat in view is the Maid of the Mist (
The Old Bridge that people use to go across the Niagara Falls,
Rainbow Colors at the Falls.

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