Managing maple syrup is a step by step process and the better the management is the more the maple trees will last. Two things that can be done to keep the trees healthy is to mulch and prune. Add a thin layer of mulch (wood, chips, leaves, etc) to protect the tree and reduce the evaporation. Mulch also helps regulate soil surface temperatures, and retain moisture during the summer and fall droughts.Pruning the trees after the leaves have fallen off, which tells the tree is done for the season, you must take of dead branches and make sure there is only one leader. As well as that, during dry weather conditions, newly planted trees must be watered every 7-10 days. The amount of water needed depends on the weather conditions and type of soil. Factors that usually reduce success of seedlings growing are by deer and weeds. A research conducted by the Cornell Sugar Maple Program are finding ways that reduce impact of predators and competition. To better sustain maple trees ,the management of trees is very important, as well as, finding ways to keep trees in a healthy condition.
Here's a video on how to mulch around a tree properly.
Canada supplies 85 percent of the world's maple syrup! Quebec produces 72 percent of the world's maple syrup! Isn't that something to be proud of Canadians! Quebec's maple syrup industry contributes 800 million dollars to Canada's GDP. All of the facts above prove that maple syrup is very beneficial economically to Canada. In Canada, maple syrup is made in Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Canada exports maple syrup to around 45 different countries, and global demand is on the rise! Canada is the largest producer of maple syrup and in 2014 the exports were worth as much as 310 million dollars, representing 82 percent production. Maple syrup is at a very high demand rate and with a healthy prices could be amazing for a plantation owner. Think about it ... maple syrup sells for $60 per gallon and $2,500 per gallon! While, crude oil sells for $40 per barrel, which means maple syrup is 6x more valuable than oil! The price of maple syrup has had an increase of price from 182 percent since the end of 1980, more than crude oil and gold !The Canadian maple syrup company is flourishing as time passes. Even though the price to make a gallon of maple syrup is $11.50 which is quite high. If Canada can find more cost efficient ways to make maple syrup, the industry can be even more beneficial.
The chart above shows a graph of estimated maple syrup production over 1840 to 2020. As you can see , over the years Canada has improved the amount of maple syrup and has left America way behind. This makes Canadian maple syrup industries more profitable than American maple industries making the Canadian economy stronger.
What's Affecting the Maple Syrup Industries?
Climate change is one of the biggest factors affecting maple syrup. Increased summer and winters temperatures will affect the southern portion as it will lower the number of sap flow days. For maple producers in the central regions in the sugar maple range, there will be a entire shift of the season early in the year. The climate change will also reduce the geographical range, the area that will be impacted is the Canadian Shield, where thin, rocky, and acidic soils might limit the growth of maple trees. The new combinations in precipitation and temperatures are affecting the growth of maple trees. The climate change also causes ice storms which directly affect maple tree forests.Climate change also causes acid rain which is mainly harmful to trees and lakes. Acid rain damages the tree by weakening the leaves, limiting the nutrients, or completely poisoning the tree with toxic substances released by the soil. Acid rain is created by nitrogen oxides created through the burning of coal and other fossil fuels. We have really little information on how climate change affects the ecosystem supporting sugar maple trees which makes climate change even more dangerous.
A map explaining the change in temperature in Canada
To prevent climate change from hurting the sugar maple trees you have to reach the root of the problem, which is climate change! So, preventing climate change will help keep the maple syrup industry more sustainable. Some ways you can prevent climate change is by: making your lifestyle more greener, use renewable energy, use energy efficient appliances, eat less meat, buy better bulbs, drive fuel efficient vehicles, reduce your houses carbon footage. To prevent acid rain from happening a great way is to create energy without the use of fossil fuels, instead use renewable sources like wind and solar power. In general, using alternative and renewable ways that prevent climate change will change the impact it is putting on the maple trees.
Just like humans, trees get sick too! Some diseases that maple trees go through are: maple wilt, anthracnose, tar spot, sap streak,phllosticta. Some of the best ways to prevent these diseases is to keep your trees healthy so they never develop these diseases. Proper tree health starts with proper and regular watering, fertilizing every year, keeping the year around maple trees clean, and seeking help every time you notice a problem occurring.