Desire to increase the wealth in the European Countries
Want for raw materials such as timber, sugar, fur, cotton, flour, iron ore products, tobacco, rice, indigo dye, fish, guns, ammunition, wool and rum and many more. The goods were manufactured in the colonies and were used for trading purposes with England.
Carrying slaves, manufactured goods, and cash crops which happened from the late 16th to early 19th centuries between Caribbean, West Africa or American colonies and the European colonial powers, with the northern colonies of British North.
They owned plantations in America and mines in Africa. These two things depended on slaves and also created a lot of income by doing so.
Millions of Africans were forced to America. The Americans wanted to enhance their status therefore they brought the Africans and weapons to America to do so.
Just like Americans did so, the Europeans also brought weapons but this time they brought them to Africa.
World Exploration by Europeans
The growth of power and wealth of European nations
European had a desire for new trade routes
Competition of trade tools developed in the Middle Ages for explorations continued to be used during the Renaissance. One of these was the astrolabe. The astrolabe was a portable device used by sailors to help them find their way. Also maps starting to become used more often. Another tool was the magnetic compass. This magnetic was invented in the twelfth century but it was improved upon during the Renaissance.
The begining of European dominance in the world
Knowledge grows about other regions
Enslavement of Africans begin. Along with African explorations being the transport of hundreds of thousands of Africans to North America over four centuries. Which resulted in the accounts of African exploration and slave captures reflecting the same encounter with the new and strange.
To speed up finding a trade route to Asia
He was the first person to discover America. Christopher went on a journey four trips across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain. He was determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia, but he never did. Instead, he accidentally stumbled upon the Americas. By doing that it made his name well known today. Columbus also participated in several other expeditions to Africa.
Marco Polo sort of pushed Columbus to travel to find a western sea route to China
Colombian Exchange: is the transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americans and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries
Nobody was aware that the North America and South America existed
Columbus also discovered tobacco seeds and brought the seeds back to Europe. After that the sailors brought tobacco back to Europe. Tobacco was being grown all over Europe. It was a hit, it was as valued as gold was to them.