What is the relationship in the Trinity? Did God have to create humanity?
The relationship in the Trinity is one of homoousion, which literally translates to one in being, but is usually translated as “of the same substance”. This means that all people of the trinity, God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit are all God himself. They all share in His divine being, but all of them have different roles. God did not have to create humanity, with Himself being all-powerful. He chose to create us, further more in his image. He did this because He loves us and wants us to be with Him. God loves us and we are expected to reciprocate accordingly through prayer and church service.
""Baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." The Father, Son, and Holy Ghost: there are three distinct persons: in the Name, not names; there is one essence."
Why is humanity the crowning creation? What makes us different?
Humanity is the crowning creation due to us being made in God's image. We are more like Him than any other of his creations. The main thing that separates us from things like the sky or animals, is our choice to have free will. We can freely choose whether or not to accept God’s love. God gave us the ability to accept or reject God's will, which sets the entirety of Salvation into motion. Adam and Eve used their own free will to choose to eat from the Tree of Knowledge and caused Original Sin.
"God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them."
What are the titles for Jesus, what does each mean and why is each important?
The titles for Jesus are Jesus, Christ, Son of God, Lord, and Messiah. The title “Jesus” means God saves and reflects Jesus’s identity and mission as savior of the world. The title “Christ” is the Hebrew translation of the word Messiah which means “anointed one”. The people were waiting for a Messiah to save them and this title recognizes Jesus as the Messiah the Jews have been waiting for. This title was first used by Peter. The title Son of God is important because is shows a strong relationship with God. This title means that Jesus is the only true, eternal, son of the Father. The title Lord means Yahweh but this term is too sacred to be used out loud so people call Jesus Lord. Lord is a title of respect that people would call Jesus. The Messiah was the person that the Jews were waiting for to come and save them. Jesus is called the messiah because he is sent from God and is that person who will save the Jewish people.
"I have a great need for Christ; I have a great Christ for my need. This Christ can have many different names"
What is the difference between an Apostle and a Disciple? Who is the first Disciple?
The difference between an apostle and a disciple is that the Apostles were twelve people chosen by Jesus and disciples are any people who follow Jesus. Apostle means “One who is sent” and the apostles were twelve people chosen by Jesus to travel with him and help to spread his message. These twelve people’s successors are the bishops. The disciples are followers of God, the disciples are the people who followed Jesus in the New Testament and the people who follow him today. The first disciple is Mary because she was the first person to accept and follow the call of God.
"Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart ..."
Who is the perfect mediator between God and Humanity?
Jesus is the perfect mediator between God and Humanity. This is because Jesus is both True God and True Man. Since Jesus is True Man, he has a human nature. So he has the ability to feel the same things that humans do such as pain and joy. Also since Jesus is True God, he has a divine nature. This means that he is God and divine. The Incarnation connects Jesus’ human nature and divine nature. To conclude, Jesus is the perfect mediator between God and Humanity.
"For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus."
Why can you not separate personal and communal faith?
Personal and communal faith cannot be separated. Personal faith is the act of believing or not believing. Communal faith means that no one can believe alone. So the two cannot be separated. This is because the Catholic faith has been passed down for thousands of years. People passed God’s revelation onto us and their witnesses of faith have had an effect on us. Also we need the encouragement of other believers to fully live the gospel. This forms a faith community. Within the faith community, the Holy Spirit guides the church. Because of this God continues his revelation. When God reveals himself, he shows his love for us. So when God continues his revelation, we become closer to him. To conclude, personal and communal faith cannot be separated.
"Love your enemies, bless those who curse you, and forgive those who hurt you."
Why can you not separate the Incarnation, Resurrection, and Ascension?
You cannot separate the Incarnation, Resurrection, and Ascension which are extremely important tenets of our faith. If you miscomprehend one of these events you miscomprehend all of them. Messing up one of these tenets leads to the incorrect understanding of the faith as a whole. If you do not correctly know these tenets and their meaning you cannot fully understand Christ, the church, and its message.
“Without incarnation the Word would not have become flesh, and Jesus would not have existed; without ascension our humanity would not have entered into communion with the Father, and Jesus would have no continuing ministry. With the incarnation, God made his "home" in our human place; with the ascension, Jesus, the human one, has made his "home" in God's place, from whence in the Spirit he continues to exercise his mission from the Father.”
Why are the above considered mysteries, and what do we know about them?
The Incarnation, Resurrection, and Ascension are considered mysteries because we cannot fully comprehend them as human beings. The Incarnation is the union between Jesus’ divine and human natures. Through this we know that Christ was both fully human and fully divine. Jesus has both a human nature which includes his human will and intellect and a divine nature which includes his divine will and intellect. Through the Resurrection we know that Christ was not found in his tomb and he later appeared to his disciples, which proves he resurrected. We know that this is the single most important event in all of history because without the Resurrection, the Gospels would never have been written and Christianity will never exist. Through the Ascension we know that Christ ascended into heaven. As humans, we cannot fully comprehend this event. This event is very vague and the Gospel authors have a hard time putting it into words. Matthew and John do not mention the Ascension at all. Christ is no longer bound by the limitations of space and time.
"God moves in a mysterious way, His wonders to perform. He plants his footsteps in the sea, and rides upon the storm."
What is the Assumption and who is Assumed into Heaven?
The Assumption is the dogma which recognizes that the body of the Blessed Virgin Mary was taken to Heaven directly after her life on earth ended. It is also known as the Falling Asleep of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The Assumption of Mary was also made dogma in Munificentissimus Deus by Pope Pius XII. The Assumption describes how the Blessed Virgin Mary was Assumed into heaven, specifically after her life on Earth. Mary was able to be assumed because she had no Original Sin and was the Immaculate Conception. This was infallibly declared by Pius IX, and gave her the ability to go straight to heaven.
"Therefore the Virgin is immortal to this day, seeing that he who had dwelt in her transported her to the regions of her assumption."
What is the problem with how the Jews viewed the Law?
The problem with how the Jews viewed the law came from the sect of the Pharisees. The Pharisees thought that some people were prohibited from entering heaven for not strictly following the law. The biggest problem didn't exactly originate from the law itself, but rather from the understanding of the law. In the eyes of the Jews, God was the king of all creation and His laws preached at Mt. Sinai were the instruments for ruling his people. This is wrong because God did not rule his people. Rather, he sent his son to preach the word of God. Many Jews also thought that only the chosen people would be welcomed into the Kingdom. This was wrong because God’s Kingdom is open to all, not just the chosen people. The way that the laws should be viewed can be seen in the Sermon on the Mount and Jesus’ parables. Essentially, the main problems with how the Jews viewed the law came from the focus on the Letter of the Law and not the Spirit of the Law.
“Small men command the letter of the law. Great men serve its spirit. For the spirit of the law is justice... and justice is the spirit of God.”
What does Christ do in the Beatitudes and the Sermon on the Mount?
What Jesus does when he recites the Beatitudes on the Sermon on the Mount was fulfill Jewish Law and reveal the true meaning of them. Each beatitude has the message of Jesus’ humility, charity and brotherly love. He teaches the transformation of the inner person. The Beatitudes are presented in a positive sense and value all the virtues of life. If you follow them according Jesus you will be rewarded with eternal life with Jesus’ Father, God.
"Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven."
How do the above re-envision the Law?
The Beatitudes re envision the Law because Jesus himself challenged the people to take the law further and wanted everyone to follow them so they would have a clean and easy path to Heaven. They also re envision the Law because each Law or beatitude lead to happiness if followed. Them being professed by Jesus himself also showed us that Laws are important to follow in the Church. What the Beatitudes also vision in us is a call to find our deepest joy be transformed in our faith each time we live a good catholic life.
"Carry each other’s burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ”
Why can we not separate Christ's Humanity from his Divinity? What is this called?
Hypostatic union is the combination of divine and human natures in the single person of Christ. Each nature is full and complete, he is fully God and fully man. Each nature always remains distinct. Things that are true of only one nature are nonetheless true of the Person of Christ. The Bible teaches that Jesus is not merely someone who is a lot like God, or someone who has a very close walk with God. Another way the Bible teaches that Jesus is God is by showing that he has all of the attributes of God. It is also important to recognize that when we say that Jesus is man, we do not simply mean that he is partially man. Christ is fully human, everything that belongs to the essence of true humanity is true of him. He is just as truly human as the rest of us.
"Jesus is the most important person who has ever lived since he is the Savior, God in human flesh. He is not half God and half man. He is fully divine and fully man"
What are the parables and why did Christ use them?
A parable is a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels. A parable envisions the whole narrative to generate the spiritual message. They comprise a substantial part of the recorded preaching of Jesus. The parables are generally regarded by scholars as among the sayings which we can confidently ascribe to the historical Jesus; they are, for the most part, authentic words of Jesus. Moreover, all of the great themes of Jesus' preaching are struck in the parables. Jesus was the master of teaching in parables. His parables often have an unexpected twist or surprise ending that catches the reader's attention. Lastly, he often taught in parables to conceal his teaching from those outside who were hostile to him, the Sadducees, Pharisees, scribes, Roman authorities.
"Every happening, great and small, is a parable whereby God speaks to us, and the art of life is to get the message."
Explain two of the parables.
The Parable of the Prodigal Son was a parable that was regarding to 2 sons and their father. One of the sons left all his family when he turned 18 and took money from his father and ended up spending it on worldly items. The other brother was a loyal worker to his father and never betrayed him. When the brother that left finally returns, the father throws a party and slaughtered a fattened calf. The other loyal brother is furious by this and is angry at his father for doing this. His father welcomes this brother home with open arms and welcomes him right back into the family. The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus is a parable about a poor man and a rich man. Lazarus is a poor man that has no food and begs for scraps from the rich man. The rich man never gives scraps to Lazarus and Lazarus ends up starving to death. Lazarus dies and the angels carried him to Abraham’s side. Then Hades told Lazarus to come down to hell with him, but the angels protected Lazarus.
“All that passes is raised to the dignity of expression; all that happens is raised to the dignity of meaning. Everything is either symbol or parable.”
What are the Characteristics of Faith?
There are 7 Characteristics of Faith. They are the following: These Characteristics tell us how faith is certain and it says that everyone of gods teachings is trustworthy. Faith seeks understanding means that we need to find a deeper meaning of God, and thus we grow in Faith. Faith is a grace, a supernatural gift from God. Faith is certain. Faith seeks understanding. Faith is not opposed to science. Faith is necessary for salvation. Faith is enabled by Grace. Faith is the beginning of eternal life.
"Faith is not knowing that God can, rather it is knowing that He will."
What is the relationship between Pilate and the Jewish authorities concerning Christ's death?
The relationship between Pilate and the Jewish authorities concerning Christ’s death is that they both want him dead because Pilate does not want a rebellion, and the authorities want him dead for blasphemy and misguiding the people. Jesus went up against both of them and they believed that if they did not get rid of him, he would eventually overtake them and influence all the people against them.
"What do you mean? You'd crucify your king?"
What evidence do we have for the Resurrection? Which is most prevalent? Which is least prevalent?
The evidence of the resurrection comes in the stories in the gospels, there was an empty tomb and no body around it, and the change in Jesus’ followers to preach around the world even with ridicule. The most prevalent is the evidence of the scriptures that has continued through now. The least prevalent is if this really influenced the apostles very much which led them to spread the news around the whole world.
"He was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.”
What are the three titles of Christ taken from Scripture about His death, and why is each important?
The three titles of Christ in reference to his death is The Suffering Servant, The Paschal Lamb, and Ransom for Mary. The title of The Suffering Servant was given to Christ due to him taking the sins of the world and suffering for us in order to absolve us of our sins. The name itself was actually given to him due to the early founders of Christianity being influenced by their Jewish heritage, thus looking to the Jewish scripture in order to find how Jesus fulfills it. Jesus received the name The Paschal Lamb originally due to the lamb being used to protect the Jewish people in Egypt from the angel of death but later it came from various scenes written in the book of revelations and the gospel of John. The first quote is from John 1:29, where Jesus is referred to as “the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.” This is also brought up in the gospel of John due to Christ being crucified on the feast of the Passover, the same day that the Paschal lambs were slaughtered in the temples. The final name about Christ's death from the scripture is the Ransom of Many. This name is taken from the Gospel of Mark (10:45), where Jesus says “For the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.” The idea of ransom helps us understand that Jesus paid to God the price of our freedom, so that we are no longer “owned” by sin and death.
"Who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”