MAORI CULTURE BY JADE LAWRENCE

WHY WAS THE LAND NAMED "AOTEAROA"?

It was decided to be named "Aotearoa" because whilst Kupe was exploring, Kupe's wife found a long cloud that lead to the land. Therefore Kupe decided to call it "Aotearoa" which translates to "the land of the long white cloud"

WHAT WERE THEIR NATURAL RESOURCES?

Their resources consisted of fish, birds, insects, plants, and fruit.

WHAT MADE THE POPULATION IN AOTEAROA GROW?

When Kupe came back to his hometown, the people of Hawaiki wanted to know about he's travels to Aoteaoa. He told them that there were giant trees, mountain ranges, the rivers full of fish and green stone, and forests full of birds. The people of Hawaiki wanted to this for themselves, so the people decided to leave Hawaiki and start a new life in Aotearoa.

WHAT DID THE PEOPLE IN AOTEAROA EAT?

Maoris were experts at hunting and fishing. They would hunt native birds, including moa (world's largest bird). Fishermen would use carved fishing hooks made from bone or stone. They also ate native vegetables, roots and berries.

WHAT ARE SOME OF THE TRADITIONAL ART FORMS OF AOTEAROA?

In the Maori culture there are many art traditions such as: Whakairo (cravings), Raranga (weaving), Kapa Haka (group performance), Whaikorero (oratory) and tā moko (tattoo). These are all common throughout the country.

WHO WERE THE FIRST EUROPEANS TO DISCOVER AOTEAROA?

The first European was Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who saw and sailed near Aotearoa. But the first proper European contact probably started with Captain Cook's three voyages to the country in 1769-1779. With the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, Aotearoa changed it's name into New Zealand and became a British colony in 1840.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/1966/aotearoa

2. http://mro.massey.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10179/3038/02_whole.pdf?sequence=1

3. http://www.polynesia.com/polynesian_culture/new-zealand/index.html#village

4. http://www.newzealand.com/au/feature/early-settlement/

5. http://eng.mataurangamaori.tki.org.nz/Support-materials/Te-Reo-Maori/Maori-Myths-Legends-and-Contemporary-Stories/Kupe-s-travels-around-Aotearoa

6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C4%81ori_culture

7. http://www.newzealand.com/au/feature/early-settlement/

8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C4%81ori_culture

Credits:

Created with images by jumpyjodes - "maori art" • tjabeljan - "RotoruaMaoriVillage062" • falco - "carving stake carved" • mickeyshih - "maori stone hai bian landscape" • Maraea - "new zealand landscape maori" • falco - "maori rotorua mask" • falco - "new zealand north island water"

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