Albrecht Dürer was artist, engraver, and theorist born on May 21, 1471, in Nuremberg, Bavaria, which is a state in modern day Germany. He died April 6, 1528, in Nuremberg.
Education & Lifestyle
Albrecht Dürer married Agnes Dürer née Frey, but they never had any children; Dürer made a few paintings of his wife. His father’s name was Albrecht the elder, and he moved to Nuremberg from Hungary in 1455. He married Barbara Holper, Dürer's mother.
Dürer learned a lot of his engraving skill from his father who was a goldsmith. Dürer trained under Michael Wolgemut, a painter and wood engraver from Nuremberg for 4 years starting when he was 15.
Dürer spent most of his life in Nuremberg, though he did travel a lot. He spent 2 years travelling from the Netherlands, France, and Switzerland, and 7 years in Venice. By journeying around the continent, Dürer learned a lot, and received a great deal of his education from that. Just by being on the road, he saw lots of nature and landscapes that he could put in his repertoire for later paintings. In Italy, Dürer learned a lot about Classical art, and the importance of art theory, such as the "isms."
He was a painter and engraver of wood and metal, as well as an art theorist. In one example of his engravings of metal, Dream of the Doctor (1497-1498), Dürer portrays an interest in mythology. In one of his paintings, Oswolt Krell (1502-1504), Dürer shows his learning perspective from Venice. The Assumption and Coronation of the Virgin (1500-1505) demonstrates a combination Italian techniques and the custom Northern manner.