Italy located in Europe is a small country with many amazing locations to visit.The Currency in Italy and pretty much Europe is Euros and another .Italy has many famous cites such as Florence, Milan, Venice, etc. The Capital of Italy is Rome it is the largest city from them all. The full size and area in total is 301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) (72nd) and its water percentage is (%)2.4. In 2015 Italy's estimate number in its population is 60,674,003. Italy has so much history that people still talk about till this day.
The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, Michelangelo and Machiavelli. Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci and Giovanni da Verrazzano. It also discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy's commercial and political power significantly did the opening of the Atlantic trade route and the route to the Indian Ocean via the Cape of Good Hope, that bypassed the Mediterranean. Furthermore, the Italian city-states constantly engaged one another in bloody warfare, culminating in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, that left them exhausted, with no one emerging as a dominant power. The weakened sovereigns soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France, Spain, and Austria, subsequently entering a long period of decline.
Today, Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and the eighth largest in the world. It has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy. The country plays a great role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs, and it is both a regional power and a great power. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and the member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, and many more. As a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country.
Thanks to the great longitudinal extension of the peninsula and the mostly mountainous internal conformation, the climate of Italy is highly diverse. In most of the inland northern and central regions, the climate ranges from humid subtropical to humid continental and oceanic. In particular, the climate of the Po valley geographical region is mostly continental, with harsh winters and hot summers.Conditions on peninsular coastal areas can be very different from the interior's higher ground and valleys, particularly during the winter months when the higher altitudes tend to be cold, wet, and often snowy. The coastal regions have mild winters and warm and generally dry summers, although lowland valleys can be quite hot in summer. Average winter temperatures vary from 0 °C (32 °F) on the Alps to 12 °C (54 °F) in Sicily, like so the average summer temperatures range from 20 °C (68 °F) to over 25 °C (77 °F).
With 50.7 million tourists a year (2015), Italy is the fifth most visited country in international tourism arrivals, and the sixth highest tourism earner in the world.Tourism is one of Italy's fastest growing and most profitable industrial sectors, with an estimated revenue of €189.1 billion. People mainly visit Italy for its art, cuisine, history, fashion and culture, its coastline and beaches, its mountains, and ancient monuments. The Roman Empire, Middle Ages, and renaissance have left many cultural artifacts for the Italian tourist industry to use. Many northern cities are also able to use the Alps as an attraction for winter sports, while coastal southern cities have the Mediterranean Sea to draw tourists looking for sun.
Italy is also home to fifty-one UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the most in the world.Rome is the third most visited city in Europe and the 14th in the world, with an average of 7–10 million tourists a year; the Colosseum (one of the world's most popular tourist attractions, with 4 million tourists) is the 39th most visited place in the world. Milan is the 7th EU's most important tourist destinations, and Italy's second, with 7.7 million arrivals. Venice has an average of 50,000 tourists a day (2007 estimate)and in 2006 it was the world's 28th most internationally visited city, with 2.927 million international arrivals that year.