What we've learned in photoBy: Kayla Manboubiam Amanda Rojas Renee Garcia & Damiko Banks
Shutter speed: determines the amount of light is exposed which is as a result creates a blurry or focused photograph.
The higher the shutter speed the more in focus the photograph is. The smaller the F-stop the larger the aperture. Portraits are photographs taken of people from the shoulders up. The circular white light centered in the background brightens and creates focus on the person being photographed.
The first step after taking pictures on a film camera is to take out the film and go to the changing room. The changing room is where the film is placed into the canisters in order to be developed.
You have to load the film properly and in the dark. The darkness is crucial in order for the film not to be exposed to light, if it does, it will be completely ruined.
The necessary items used in developing the film. :)
5m of D76 then 5m of water. The necessary chemicals that are used in film development.
After the film is developed, hang and dry the negatives in order to correctly dry off excess water and unwanted dust or particles that may interfere with the photograph. Then, cut the roll of negatives to fit horizontally into the clear slip and print out a contact sheet.
From here you may determine your best and most clear film photograph.
After you chose the negative that you are most satisfied with, place that singular negative properly into the negative carrier. Next, find your assigned enlarger and place the single negative carrier into the slot.
The speed easel is necessary for the proper and desired placement of your negative onto the photograph developing paper. Make sure to minimize blurriness by grain focusing. After the grain focusing is perfected, move your aperture dial on your enlarger 3 clicks back from 2.8 to 8. Then ensure the color contrast, darkness, lightness, and overall photograph quality by doing test strips. The test strips are taken with intervals of 5 seconds and shows you how your image will look with 5, 10, 15, 20 seconds and so forth of light exposure. Remember the longer the light exposure, the darker the image! Depending on the lighting and details of the negative, some photographs will be exposed anywhere from 5 to 30 seconds or even higher, so do not feel limited. From the developed test strip determine the appropriate amount of seconds that your negative should be exposed for. Now you are finally ready for a full print!
Put your printed image in 90 seconds in the D-76 developer, 30 seconds in the stop bath, 2-3 minutes in the fixer, and approximately 5 minutes in the water. Then take it out and us the squeegee to get rid of excess water then dry your image in the dryer.
The dodge and burn tools are essential for certain photographs. For example, a photograph of someone with brown hair wearing a black sweater may need a bit of contrast between the two dark blobs. The dodge and burn tools come into use to add texture and lighten these dark spots. Simply wave this tool on the needed are while it is being exposed to light under the enlarger. The pink slips of square plastic are the contrast filters. These are necessary for the contrast between black and white. The darker shade of pink (or higher number) the more contrast there will be between your whites and blacks on your developed photograph. So if your image is looking very grayish, try bumping up your contrast filters.
Cut your picture and then put the photo on the board.