The Nostra Aetate meaning in our time. The document contains Catholic teachings on the relationship between believers and non-believers. It came into being as some believed certain teachings of the Church led to the promotion of antisemitism and that something was required to counteract this sentiment. During the making of the document, the focus spread to include relationships with Muslims and other religious groups and was no longer limited to relationship with Jews. The final document was approved by the Council Fathers with a majority of 2 221 to 88.
There are 5 main sections to the Nostra Aetate: the first being a statement of unity among humans; it refers to the shared history, shared future and common questions among the religions. The second section makes reference to Hinduism and Buddhism while describing religion and according to the document linked above, "the Catholic Church rejects nothing of what is true and holy in these religions." The third section focuses on Islam and proposes an end to previous religious wars between the two religions and a relationship based on cooperation. The fourth section speaks of the relationship between Christians and Jews and speaks against antisemitism. The final section says that God is the Father of all humanity and therefore all humans are brothers and sisters. This sections states that Christians should not discriminate against non-Christians.
It is now our duty to talk and interact with those of other faiths, learn about other religions and to treat each person with common courtesy and respect.