國務卿邁克爾.R.蓬佩奧向媒體發表講話(新疆,香港部分摘要) 【摘要翻译】


Secretary Michael R. Pompeo Remarks to the Press (summary on Xinjiang, HK)




NOVEMBER 26, 2019 2019年11月26日

SECRETARY POMPEO: Good morning, everyone. I want to comment this morning on a few terrorism-related matters, a terrorist regime, and a couple other items as well.


Before I begin, though, I want to confirm with a heavy heart that a United States citizen, Anil Raj of California, was killed in a terrorist attack on a UN vehicle in Kabul on November 24th. There were five other civilians who were injured, including staff.

不過,在開始之前,我懷著無比沉重的心情得到確切消息:11月24日,加利福尼亞的美國公民Anil Raj在喀布爾一輛聯合國汽車上遭恐怖襲擊而喪生。另有5名公民受傷,其中包括工作人員。

Turning to the Chinese Communist Party. We’ve all seen the “Xinjiang Papers” released in recent days. They detail the Chinese party’s brutal detention and systematic repression of Uighurs and members of other Muslim minority groups in Xinjiang.


These reports are consistent with an overwhelming and growing body of evidence that the Chinese Communist Party is committing human rights violations and abuses against individuals in mass detention.


We call on the Chinese Government to immediately release all those who are arbitrarily detained and to end its draconian policies that have terrorized its own citizens in Xinjiang.


It’s not just Muslims that are the largest – that are the target of the CCP’s hostility. Christians, Tibetans, and other minority groups have also felt the CCP’s heavy hand of repression.


On a different note regarding China, we congratulate the people of Hong Kong on free, fair, and peaceful district council elections on the 24th of November.


The United State continues to support democratic values, fundamental freedoms in Hong Kong as guaranteed by the “one country, two systems” framework, and aspirations of the Hong Kong people.


QUESTION: I just want to ask you very briefly about the – Hong Kong and the Xinjiang papers. The President is kind of – I don’t want to say waffling, but he hasn’t made up his mind about this legislation that came out of Congress on this. Is this – it would involve sanctions. And I’m just wondering, is this something that you are personally supportive of, those sanctions? And are you willing to take action, sanctions or otherwise, in relation to the Uighurs?


SECRETARY POMPEO: As for Hong Kong, I think the administration has been pretty clear about our expectations about how Beijing will treat people throughout their country. We have human rights standards that we apply all across the world, and Hong Kong is no different. In addition, in Hong Kong we have the commitments that the Chinese Government made as part of their obligations to maintain one country and two systems. That’s what we’re continuing to work towards.

蓬佩奧國務卿:關於香港,關於北京將會如何對待他全部國民的問題上,我想政府已經非常清楚地表達了我們的期望。 我們有適用於全世界的人權標準,香港也不例外。此外,在香港問題上,我們有中共政府作出的“一國兩制”承諾。這就是我們繼續努力的方向。

Congress has now taken action. Since it’s before the President, I won’t get out in front of what he will do before too long. But suffice to say, I think the administration’s policies have been pretty unambiguous, and our support for the Chinese Communist Party’s continued commitment to the promises that they made remains unwavering. And I think you saw that from the people of Hong Kong this past week. That’s what they’re asking for, too, the continued maintenance of the understandings that were committed to under international law.


QUESTION: On Hong Kong, a quick follow-up. Would you recommend President Trump to endorse the bipartisan legislation on the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act? The reason I ask is because if it’s enacted, it will require secretary of state to certify if Hong Kong retains enough autonomy for favorable trading terms.


And separately, if I may, on Xinjiang, as you just mentioned, the new leak of documents published by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists – ICIJ – revealed the strategy behind a campaign of re-education of Muslim minority groups. Would you say the U.S. pressures have had any effect on China’s actions in Xinjiang, and does the new document allow more concrete actions to take against China? Thank you.


SECRETARY POMPEO: Yeah. So your first question is – I can’t really answer it because you point out quite correctly in the second part of that question that that issue will come to me if this were to become law, if the President signs it or it becomes law. That will come to me; I’ll have to make this determination. I don’t want to prejudge that. I want to make sure that the process here can be run in a fair, neutral way and no one thinks that the secretary of state got out in front of the analysis that will be tasked annually to do under that statute to evaluate whether the requirements there can be certified too.


So we’re aware of it. Our teams already have a lot of the foundational activity in place that we can perform, I think, a pretty thorough analysis pretty quickly to see if that certification could be made if, in fact, this becomes law. And when we do, we’ll make that – that will be a published certification. We’ll send it to Capitol Hill as required by statute.


Your second question is about – really about what’s the effects of these – this newly released information. I think there are really a couple. First, I think it confirms what we’ve been saying here at the State Department and the United States Government for some time now about what’s taking place there – the very significant human rights abuses. I think it confirms it, shows that it’s not random and it is intentional and that it is ongoing. And so I think those papers simply confirm that. I think the world can see that, which leads me to the second point.


I think it’s the case now that you’ll see many more countries around the world acknowledging what’s taking place there and working alongside of the United States to create space and improve human rights conditions for the people of Xinjiang. I’m hopeful that those papers – the release of those papers will encourage others to join in what we view as a very important outcome that we’re trying to achieve.


QUESTION: — do you have a comment for the department on the new numbers reports coming out of Xinjiang? There’s new information out there that the Communist Party has detained over time up to a million Uighurs. Does State Department have anything on that number?


SECRETARY POMPEO: So our best analysis that the number of a million is a reasonable number to think about the number of persons that have been over the extended period of time held or detained or wrongfully denied their fundamental human rights. I think – we think that number is about right.