Vascular vs. nonvascular

Vascular plants are those that have true roots, stem, and leaves. Vascular plants also have xylem and phloem. Xylem transport water from the roots to the the rest of the plant. Phloem transport food made made in the leaves to the rest of the plant. Examples include flower and trees.

Nonvascular are those that DO NOT have roots, stem, and leaves. They are missing xylem and phloem. They are found in moist environments. Examples include moss and hornwarts.

Vascular plants have leaves, stem, and root while nonvascular plants DO NOT. Vascular plants have xylem and phloem while nonvascular plants DO NOT. Vascular plants plants can grow very tall while nonvascular plants must grow close to the ground.

Vascular plants can be seedless or seed bearing.Seedless vascular plants reproduce using spores. Examples include Ferns' and Horsetalls'. Vascular plants that produce seeds can either be gymnosperm which means cone-bearing or angiosperm which means flowering or fruit-bearing.

Gymnosperm seeds are not protected. The seeds are found only in the female cones. Examples include conifers, cycads, ginkgoes, and gnetophytes.

Angiosperm seeds are protected by flower and or fruit. The two types of angiosperm are monocots and dicots.

Monocots means the seed only has one cotyledon, which is the food storage area for the seed. A monocot has vascular bundles that are scattered. They have petals in multiples of 3. They have leaves with parallel veins. Monocot have fibrous roots.

Dicot means the seed has two cotyledons, which is the food storage area for the seed. A dicot has vascular bundles that are arranged in rings. They have petals in multiples of four or five. They have leaves with nettled or branching veins. Dicots have taproots.

Credits:

Created with images by James St. John - "Rhizophora mangle (red mangroves) (San Salvador Island, Bahamas) 7" • Scot Nelson - "Scale insects in the whorl of a monocot houseplant" • acryptozoo - "Rosepink (Sabatia angularis)"Devon Jones

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