Before this trip: Before the trip i had filled out a health and safety form to check any health problems and to see how good at swimming i was, also i was told the white wero rafting would have wet suits for us so i did not feel the need for extra clothing encase of hypermedia also i thought the best plan of action would be to have 1 teacher and 1 instructor in the raft at all times.
1) Identify the most relevant risk and causal factors
The most relevant risk would be falling out of the raft and springing your ankle or by hitting someone in the head with your paddle and breaking their nose. The causal factor of that would be by not listening to the instructors instructions and by also acting stupidly while not doing what you have been told or just ignoring it.
2) Explanation of your choice and application of risk management strategies
The risk management strategy i had applied was to pay attention to the instructors instructions about the equipment on hand. One thing i did before i had gone on the trip was to make a rams form showing all the problems that could possibly happen and to also write a prevention or a plan of action towards that one specific risk. One thing i did to enforce my strategy was to tell a buddy what my strategy was so that it could extend from me to someone else therefore having a much better chance to minimize the danger that had been present on that day.
3) White water-rafting
People) Causal factors: Avoiding the instructors instructions, Not doing whats been told of you, Doing inappropriate things when you should be listening, lack of communication and also lying of your health and safety sheet showing that you can swim good when you really can't and but not filling out the medical form out correctly.
Risk management prevention: Have a team leader to keep everyone in line, Have a teacher in the raft to prevent any mishaps the kids would try and create, remove the people are whore not doing what they should be doing out of the raft and keep them on the side, check everyone medical forms before getting on to the bus.
Management Strategy: To have at least one teacher along with the instructor to help to ensure safety on the raft at all times and to also keep all the students in line to stop anyone being hurt or pushed out of the raft due to inappropriate behavior.
Positive/Negative: A positive about this management strategy is to have a constant watch over the students on the raft at all times and to also have a constant enforcement of rules and safety requirements. A negative about this management strategy is that by having 1 teacher and 1 instructor there might not be enough space for all the students to participate and could be taking responsibility away from the student at the same time keeping them dependent on teachers without learning anything.
Equipment) Causal factors: Avoiding the instructors instructions, Not doing whats been told of you, Doing inappropriate things when you should be listening, lack of communication. checking that every thing fits and that is secure and won't come undone or come off.
Risk management prevention: Have a buddy whom can check your equipment and see if everything it tightened and secure eg. so your life jacket wont come off or your paddle isnt broken at any point.
Management Strategy: To have a buddy system where you check all your buddies equipment and to tighten their life jackets harness and to check if your paddle is broken while you can do the same thing to your buddy to prevent anything going wrong.
Positive/Negative: A positive about this management strategy is you are being made sure that your equipment is safe to use while you do the same for you buddy shrinking the chance for your life jacket to come off. A negative about this management strategy is that by having a buddy system your buddy might not know how tight your life jacket or helmet should be so that could be putting yourself in danger.
Environment) Causal factors: Avoiding the weather forecasts, not being aware of your surroundings where some hazards may lay ahead and by also knowing how deep the water is.
Risk management prevention: To have members of your raft to be watching out for any dangerous spots in the water, By checking the weather forecast and by knowing all spots that may be deeper than others.
Management Strategy: To have at least 2 members of your group watching out for dangerous and deep spots in the water so you can prepare for it and by also checking the weather forecast at least 3 days leading up to the trip and also on the day of the trip so you may dress accordingly ready for the weather also by filling out the part of the health and safety sheet which asks for you swimming ability honestly so you know where you should be more safe with.
Positive/Negative: A positive about this management strategy is by having 2 group members watching out for any dangerous and for any hazards that may lay ahead eg. moving the good swimmers to the front is good because if you see a very steep drop maybe have the less confident people move to the back. A negative about this management strategy is because the weather may be hard to predict you may dress less than what you should of putting yourself at risk of hypothermia.
During the trip: during the trip i had realized that wet suits would not be giving so that if i did happen to fall in the water and get hypothermia there would not be very much that i could do to help that, also while i was there seeing that having only 1 instructor was more than enough to ensure safety on the raft and that having another adult would just limit how many students could go on a raft at a time and could hinder their ability to learn on their own without help from a teachers aid.
People) Causal factors: Having clothes that are too cold and too open having thought wet suits would be provided, Having someone with you if you had fallen out of the raft for support.
Risk management prevention: Pack in extra warm clothes for unpredictable weather forecasts and by when you rest or go down a drop with one free hand hold on to the person next to stop falling out of the raft.
Management Strategy: To when dropping down a rapid have your hand holding the paddle and hold your buddy/person next you on their life jacket so you can prevent you or them from falling out the raft and stopping injury, by having 1 set of warm or spare clothes in your bag encase you or someone may get hypothermia.
Positive/Negative: A positive about this management strategy is by having someone to hold on to you give yourself extra support while weighing that person down at the same time. A negative about this management strategy is because you hard holding them with your hand that holds the paddle it may get stuck in their life jacket and break a strap or if you had fallen out or they had fallen out you both would be thrown out the raft at once.
Equipment) Causal factors: not holding the paddle in the right way and end up hitting someone in the face or head which could knock them out and cause harm, having the wrong paddle for the raft and the water pressure could snap the smaller or wrong paddle.
Risk management prevention: always have on hand firmly holding the end of the paddle no matter what, keep the paddle end facing the ground or outwards away from anyone and by checking with the instructor that you have the right paddle.
Management Strategy: To have a practice with holding the end on the paddle and have little drills so that you know where to place the paddle end if you aren't holding it with your hand to stop you hitting anyone with it, by making your whole team go to the instructor seeing if the paddles are made for the raft and not a long board.
Positive/Negative: A positive about this management strategy is by having drills you can understand the instructors cues when they tell you to do anything with your paddles end and you almost stop the chance of hurting anyone or yourself with the paddles end. A negative about this management strategy is because you're having to keep doing drills you are cutting your time out to be in the raft and learn for yourself.
Environment) Causal factors: getting pulled away in a strong current and to know where is it safe for you to leaving or jump out the raft encase you need to so you don't hurt your ankle on a rock slab.
Risk management prevention: By avoiding or knowing where all the strong currents are at and to look and see where would the most safe place to jump out of the raft may be if needed.
Management Strategy: To ask your instructor where the strong currents are located so you may avoid them or go in to them if they can help you wash up to the raft and by also asking the instructor where it is safe to jump out if your raft is about to capsize in to the water.
Positive/Negative: A positive about this management strategy is by knowing where all the strong currents are you can either avoid them to stop you being pulled in a back and forth state or if you capsize and cannot swim go in to a current that will push you to your raft. A negative about this management strategy is you may miss judge where you jump and are stuck between one current going one way and another current going the other way stopping you from going anywhere.