Back then they didn't have machines and factories to make the industry process faster, they did all the work by hand and it was very stressful, difficult, and tiring. People were injured and in bad conditions until they made assembly lines and machines to help. Sam Salter created the first factory in the U.S. which led to the Industrial Revolution and the process of mass production. Machines changed people lives in many great ways . The rapid industrial development was a blessing because it led to the improvement of transportation, the growth of population, and it was the leading exporter of cotton.
Transportation was a big part of the industrial development in the United States. The United States was able to develop many different ways of transportation in forms of railroads and steamboats. This made it easier for people to trade all across the continent with an efficient and much faster way. Before these developments, farmers had to send their crops from the Mississippi River to New Orleans and across the east coast to other countries. According to the textbook, "this took a considerable amount of time and often caused good to be more expensive." Many improvements resulted from these different transportation methods, leading to great benefits for businesses and also helping grow industry in the United States.
During the Industrial Revolution, population grew at a very high increasing rate nearly doubling its original population. According to NCBI.gov, "Immigrants and their children comprised over half of manufacturing workers in 1920."Rural societies started to change by urbanizing and becoming more based on industry. Most of the work done in factories was now being replaced by efficient and quicker machines. Food production became essential in urbanization directly leading to advancements in working conditions. Additionally, this also led to advancements in medicine, better sanitation and a large migration of immigrants to the United States with an increasing birth rate.
The industrial revolution produced one of the most labor-saving inventions in the cotton gin. According to Hard Times Cotton Mills Girls, Excerpt 2, "lower wages and longer hours accounted for cheaper cotton manufacturing in the South." Many of the workers went through difficult times before the invention because it lacked efficiency. It took much time to produce cotton resulting in low pay and many hours of work. After the invention, businesses were able to manufacture cotton products in a faster and much cheaper way which would later help America thrive in economics.
- Title pic (primary source) : Industrial Revolution: 18th-century English Cottage Industry. 2017. Newberry Library,, Chicago. Industrial Revolution. Web. 6 Mar. 2017.
- Reason 1 pic: Appleby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, James M. McPherson, and Donald A. Ritchie. Discovering Our Past: A History of the United States. Bothell, WA: McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Print.
- Reason 1 info: Appleby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, James M. McPherson, and Donald A. Ritchie. Discovering Our Past: A History of the United States. Bothell, WA: McGraw-Hill Education, 2014. Print.
- Reason 2 pic (primary source): Ellis Island. N.d. New York. Latin America. Web. 9 Mar. 2017.
- Reason 2 info: Hirschman, Charles, and Elizabeth Mogford. "Immigration and the American Industrial Revolution From 1880 to 1920." Social Science Research. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 01 Dec. 2009. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.
- Reason 3 pic: Cotton gin. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/67182. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.
- Reason 3 info (primary source): Byerly, Victoria. "Smithsonian Source." Smithsonian Source. Victoria Byerly,, 2003. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.