Since the commencement of World War I the involvement of women in the military has undergone a great many changes. Women have always been part of the support for war, they have always been the wives of the soldiers and supported them as they go off to battle. This aspect only started to change when there was a growing shortage of men at war so women stepped up to the roles of men in fixing planes and trucks allowing men to go and fight in battle.
Origin of the military
When and where did it begin and why was it created?
The military began when the first groups of soldiers were organised into battles, this was back in historic Roman times, BC. Generally, conflict would only rise up when a tribe or colony felt fear from another nearby group, (Mark, 2009). This would result in a battle between the two and the fight would usually be over ownership of land, slaves or natural resources. Initially, women were never really seen working with the military as it was considered as a 'man's role.' This all began to change at the commencement of WWI when women began to make an appearance in roles such as nursing.
Groups of women were first assigned work in New Guinea working as anti-aircraft gunners, drivers, mechanics, and radio operators during WWII, (State Library of Victoria, 2016). Prior to the war, women were forbidden by the Government to work, especially in military roles. It was always tradition for men to go to work in the morning and earn money to provide for his family. As the war progressed on, this concept changed when there was a growing shortage of men overseas serving in the war. As men continued to die off during the war, it became clear that women were needed in the workforce. Women began taking on the roles usually performed by men so that the men that would usually be working in these roles could go and fight in the war. The jobs women fulfilled consist of; welding, machine repair, operating tractors and other large engines. They made uniforms, weapons and ammunition, they also helped build trucks, tanks and air planes, (State Library of Victoria, 2016).
This video gives a brief introduction of what it was like for woman in WWII
(Watch video between the times of 0.41-1.27 minutes)
The implications of women involvement
By women entering the workforce into this particular industry, implications arose among women as they discovered the joy of working. Women began to find themselves appreciating their own skills and further enjoying watching their work contribute to the overall goal. In addition, women began to question why they for so long lived under the commandment and control of men. Women began steeping out against men and asking for more employment and pay rises.
factors changed of women working in the military
There has been a dramatic amount of change in the way women have been involved in the military and the practices they are involved in. From women only being seen as the person of the household who stayed at home each day and did the washing, cooked meals, cleaned the house and cared for the children, while the father went out and worked all day to earn for money to provide for the family. As years progressed on and women had experienced what it's like to work, they didn't want to leave the workforce and go back to the traditional housewife role. Women felt the need to contribute to society and to them that meant work. As more and more women started joining the military, they began demanding to do more of the work men were doing and further demanded to be paid like the men. All these aspects changed over the years and today we now have women serving in war fighting overseas, handling weapons and working and fighting with men against other military groups.
advantages and disadvantages
Advantages of women working in military:
- More recruitment available
- Women bring diversity to the workplace
- Problem solving
- Some jobs might be better suited to women such as nursing
Disadvantages of woman working in military:
- There's no one at home to do the household job that women previously did
- Sexual harassment or discrimination in the workplace
- Pregnancy can affect deployment of a unit