Since the commencement of World War II the involvement of women in the military has undergone a great many changes. From women being household wives, to then stepping up to the roles of men in fixing planes and trucks allowing men to go and fight in the war.
Origin of the industry
When and where did it begin and why was it enforced?
Colonial wars began in the U.S when early English settlers began arriving on the shores of new land. It wasn't only the English settlers who were the unwanted visitors by the local American tribes, but also the nearby European rivals. This all took place between the course of 1512 and 1774. Following the landing of English settlers, there were many events of wars and conflict. Some of this was the Pequot War 1637, King Philips War 1675 and the Yamasse War 1715, (Random History , 2007).
When was war first developed and what did it mean for society?
Initially, military was enforced for civilian control in the US colonies, (Random History , 2007). When military was first enforced, it was used to defend colonies, tribes and territories from settlers and intruders.
This video gives a brief introduction of what it was like for woman in WWII
(Watch video between the times of 0.41-1.27 minutes)
In the beginning
Groups of women were first assigned work in New Guinea working as anti-aircraft gunners, drivers, mechanics, and radio operators. Prior to the war, women were forbidden by the Government to work, especially in military roles. It was always tradition for men to go to work in the morning and earn money to provide for his family. As the war progressed on, this concept changed when there was a growing shortage of men overseas serving in the war. As men continued to die off during the war, it became clear that women were needed in the workforce. Women began taking on the roles usually performed by men so that the men that would usually be working in these roles could go and fight in the war. The jobs women fulfilled consist of; welding, machine repair, operating tractors and other large engines. They made uniforms, weapons and ammunition, they also helped build trucks, tanks and air planes, (State Library of Victoria, 2016).
There has been a dramatic amount of change in the way woman have been involved in the war and the practices they are involved in. From woman only being seen as the person of the household who stayed at home each day and did the washing, cooked meals, cleaned the housed and cared for the children while the father went out and worked all day. Then woman were encouraged to join the workforce to free men from the jobs of welding, driving trucks, radio and many more roles so that these men could go and fight in war. Today, we have women and men serving together overseas in war and we also have women working overseas in the army camps as nurses.
advantages and disadvantages
Advantages of woman working in military:
- More hands down
- More people are around to help get jobs done
Disadvantages of woman working in military:
- Woman might not be able to do some of the jobs men can do such as lifting
- Might be discrimination or sexual harassment in the workplace
- Woman are paid at lower rates than men