Unit 5 Vocab Terms Claire mcdonald period 2

Chief of State- the titular head of a nation as distinct from the head of the government.

Chief Administrator- the President is in charge of the executive branch of the federal government.

Chief Legislator- the president shapes policy.

Presidential Succession- establishes the line of succession to the powers and duties of the office of President of the United States in the event that neither a President nor Vice President is able to "discharge the powers and duties of the office".

National Bonus Plan- This idea, proposed by historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr., retains the current Electoral College system, but also awards extra electoral votes as a bonus to the winner of the popular vote.

Imperial Presidency- Imperial Presidency is a term used to describe the modern presidency of the United States which became popular in the 1960s and served as the title of a 1973 volume by historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., who wrote The Imperial Presidency out of two concerns: that the US presidency was uncontrollable and that it had exceeded the constitutional limits.

Executive Order- a rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law.

Treaty- a formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries.

Recognition- the action or process of recognizing or being recognized, in particular.

Line Item Veto- the power of a president, governor, or other elected executive to reject individual provisions of a bill.

Pardon- the right of the leader of a country to forgive someone for a crime, or to excuse someone from a punishment.

Commutation- action or the process of commuting a judicial sentence.

Domestic Affairs- of, produced in, or involving one's own country or a specific country.

Foreign Policy- a government's strategy in dealing with other nations.

Chief Executive- the highest-ranking executive in a company, and their primary responsibilities include making major corporate decisions, managing the overall operations and resources of a company, and acting as the main point of communication between the board of directors and corporate operations.

Chief of Party- One who provides leadership in the overall management of large projects or initiatives.

Commander in Chief- a head of state or officer in supreme command of a country's armed forces.

Chief Citizen- the President should represent all of the people of the United States. Citizens expect the President to work for their interests and provide moral leadership.

Presidential Succession Act of 1947- establishes the line of succession to the powers and duties of the office of President of the United States in the event that neither a President nor Vice President is able to "discharge the powers and duties of the office".

Executive Article- Article II of the Constitution.

Oath of Office- an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations.

Ordinance Power- An executive order is a directive, rule, or regulation that has the effect of law.

Executive Agreement- an international agreement, usually regarding routine administrative matters not warranting a formal treaty, made by the executive branch of the US government without ratification by the Senate.

Persona non grata- an unacceptable or unwelcome person.

Reprieve- cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death).

Clemency- mercy; lenience.

Amnesty- an official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses.

Foreign Affairs- a government's strategy in dealing with other nations.

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