- 98% of the population are native Italian speakers
- Handshake between strangers
- Kiss both cheeks
- Around 50% speck regional dialect which is other interruptions of Italian language
- First Impressions shows respect
- Non-Verbal Important because of gestures and the fine art
Family Roles & Organization
- Families tend to spend a lot of time together
- Strong family ties
- The average family is made up of 1-2 children
- Southern Italy families typically has more children in each family then northern
- Very common to name children after a family member
- Often children are named after saints or religious figures
- More equality in genders of family then other places around the world
- Children are more likely to live with their parents until marriage than the U.S.
- It is not possible to classify the Italian family under any single category
- Top priority are taking care of each other equally
- Open to alternative lifestyles
- Parenting in Italy is more strict than in America
- Sexual orientation and divorce are similarly looked at as the U.S
- 25.0 million in the workforce
- The North - 6.8 million men and 5.1 million women
- 5.5% unemployed
- The Centre - 2.8 million men and 2.0 million women
- 7% unemployed
- The South - 4.0 million men and 2.2 million women
- 15% unemployed
- Overall official unemployment level of this study from 2011 was 7.8%.
- The south and is common for foreign immigrants
- “Olive skin”
- Usually dark hair and dark eyes
- Typically hair is thicker and more prominent
- Drug stores with pharmacist who “treat on spot”
- Tobacco harms the health, the treasury, and the spirit of Italy. Every year more than 93,800 of it's people are killed by tobacco-caused disease, while more than 291,000 children and more than 12,863,000 adults continue to use tobacco each day.
- 27.3% Adult men and 2.2% adult women
- 19.4% young boys 21.6% young girls
- Dropping from an average of 5.6 drinks per week in 2006 to 4.4 drinks per week in 2014, the researchers found. The drop was due to the wine consumption
- Food is often viewed as a form of art
- A way to express emotion and connect with others
- Wine, cheese and pasta are important part to most Italian meals
- Essential to quality of life
- Observe religious holidays by preparing a traditional meal and use dinner time as a way to pray together and wish good luck to each other
- “Heal sickness with food”
- More typical for Italians to eat foods and meals based on their symptoms
Pregnancy & Childbearing
- Mothers are entitled to 80 percent of their average daily wage during maternity leave
- Maternity leave in Italy covers a period of five months maximum
- Two months before the birth of her child and returns within three months after the birth or one month before the birth and then take up to four months once the baby is born
- Maternity leave can be extended up to 11 months between the two parents
- During the first year after birth, the law protects the rights of the mother at work, who may be reinstated in her previous job any time within that period.
- Any woman in Italy has 90 days from the date of conception to request a termination of pregnancy.
- An abortion may only be carried out in a public hospital. It is free to women who have an Italian health card; foreign women have to pay for the procedure.
- Though abortion is legal in Italy, not all physicians in Italy are willing to perform the procedure.
- An emergency contraceptive pill and birth control is available by only by prescription
- Superstitious beliefs
- Believe that a dead person’s soul never really leaves the earth and may wish to come back to life
- Often buried with things they liked while alive such as cigarettes, jewelry and photos.
- After morning many Italians sudoku not speak of dead because they do not want to summons them back to earth
- Italian funeral services usually start with a catholic mass
- Caskets are open during wakes
- Black dresses and suits are the appropriate attire
- Long mourning process
- 88% of the population belonging to the Roman Catholic church, although only around a third of these regard themselves as ‘active’ in religious terms
- Other common religions are Muslims, Eastern Orthodox Christians, Protestants, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jewish
- The Vatican is the home of the government of the Roman Catholic Church and of the Pope and the spiritual leader of the world’s Roman Catholics.
- November 1 is Saints Day, a religious holiday during which Italians typically decorate the graves of deceased relatives with flowers
- Excellent standard of state funded healthcare
- Specialist treatment and outpatient hospital treatment can cost up to 40 euros
- Children under six, older than 65 or disabled people pay up to 3.50 euros
- Food is most typically used as preventative measures of health care. Example, eat lots of tomatoes to keep a healthy heart or carrots to preserve eyesight
- Similarly to America, each individual is responsible for their own health care
- View mental health issues as a result of significant life events that will be resolved by support from professionals and significant others.
- Rehab is a last resort but frequently encouraged by professionals
- Italian government provides funding to improve health services
- Italian men are most likely to report pain as more severe than Americans would report the same pain as less severe
- Fear cancer and other illness
- Parents of intellectually disabled children might not use services due to feeling ashamed
- Elderly aid is commonly given by family members
- First there are General Practitioners (GPs) and Family Paediatricians (FPs) in the whole nation.
- The maximum number of citizens registered for each GP is 1,500 and 800 babies or children for each FP
- Prescribing medication and, after diagnosing a health problem, referring patients to specialist consultations or further levels of care if needed.
- But in some districts primary health care is provided without the presence of a GP or FP. In these locations nurses, social workers, administrative personnel, other medical specialists like cardiologist, neurologist, gynaecologist are providing care
- There are more women practitioners then men