WWI Trench Warfare Survival Guide Jacklyn Baker

Pocket Surgical Kit

French hygiene tools of WWI by historicair is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

This surgical kit may be used in Casualty Clearing Stations or in hospitals behind the lines because that is where surgery took place. This could also be used for basic surgery, which was closer to the battlefield in emergencies. As surgeons were forced to treat complex injuries caused by modern weaponry, new surgical techniques developed, causing them to have to use these surgical kits in emergency situations. (Brosnan)

Gas Mask

WWI Gas Mask by Luz28 is licensed under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication

The gas mask had an early form and a later form, which were constructed with different materials. The early mask gave protection by being dipped in anti-gas chemicals that offset the harming gas before it was breathed in. The later masks were created to cover the eyes and neck, which prevented damage to those parts of the body. ("Gas")

Helmet

AM.021751 by Armémuseum (The Swedish Army Museum) is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

Steel helmets were a demand in World War One for each defense of the war. On the French side, a dramatic increase in head wounds occurred due to the rapid increase of artillery and improved shrapnel equipment created a need for better head protection. The Germans constructed helmets made of chromium-nickel-steel alloy, the Stahlhelm was provided in various sizes and ranged in weight from under 2.5 pounds to over 3.5 pounds, depending on size. Great Britain also improved headgear in World War I to reduce shrapnel injuries to the head. (Watanabe)

Stahlhelm- steel helmet

Entrenching Tool

Feldspaten by Mediates is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

An entrenching tool would help protect the soldiers from destructive weaponry by digging channels (trenches) into the ground. These soldiers would use the shovel-like tool to dig in, giving themselves a defense against shrapnel and bullets. Even though these tools are not weapons, they defensively help soldiers survive in a war with advanced weaponry. (Brosnan)

Mosquito Net

Postcard; mosquito net to be worn as a veil. Wellcome L0011628 by Wellcome Library, London is licensed by Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0

Explanation - 3 sentences

Malaria was a problem for all armies, and had major consequences for a large number of soldiers. This disease also devastated large native populations as a result of the environmental and civil effects of troop activities. The mosquito net would help soldiers by protecting their nose, mouth, and eyes from mosquito bites, which may have carried diseases such as Malaria. (Brabin)

Works Cited

Brabin, Bernard J. “Malaria’s Contribution to World War One – the Unexpected Adversary.” US National Library of Medicine, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4301033/#CR1. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Brosnan, Matt. “10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches.” Imperail War Museums, www.iwm.org.uk/history/10-things-that-could-have-saved-your-life-in-the-trenches. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

“Gas Masks in World War One.” Germanyinworldwari.weebly.com, Weebly, germanyinworldwari.weebly.com/gas-masks.html. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Watanabe, Nathan. “Steel Helmet.” Encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net, International Encyclopedia of the First World War, 1 Apr. 2016, encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/steel_helmet. Accessed 26 Mar. 2017.

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