Civil Rights Terms Block3 KTH Mya Campbell&Matthew krasin

Dred Scott Decision:

Happened in 1857, Dred Scott was a slave in 1795. a decision in the Dred Scott case, affirming the right of slave owners to take their slaves into the Western territories without out freeing them, also that the slaves would never have American citizenship.

The Emancipation Proclamation:

The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the confederate states "are, and henceforward shall be free” in 1863

13th Amendment:

After the civil war, Lincoln wanted to end slavery. in 1865 it officially banned any form of slavery and canceled out any other laws that supported it.

14th Amendment

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside in 1868. Even if they were black or former slave.

15th Amendment

Granted any race of men the right to vote and no one can deny the vote, in 1870.

Plessy vs. Ferguson

Means that segregation is allowed just that as long as African-Americans are given equal right but they can still be segregated schools, medical facilities, etc. in 1896.

Brown vs. Board of Education

“Separate but equal” public facilities, including public schools in the United States allowed white and blacks to go to the same school in 1954.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks on 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.

Little Rock Nine

In 1957, nine black students tried to attend Little Rock Central High School. The governor of Arkansas tried to prevent this by sending the national guard, However president Eisenhower overruled.

Sit-Ins (February)

A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest. In 1960 four college students sparked interest in the push for civil rights its a way to protest but peacefully.

Ruby Bridges (November)

In 1960, Ruby Nell Bridges Hall is an American activist known for being the first black child to desegregate the all-white William Frantz Elementary School.

Freedom Riders

In 1961 Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern.

James Meredith

He became the first African American student at Mississippi, he was excepted then rejected because of his race but the supreme court said he could enter in 1962

"I Have a Dream Speech"

Is a speech made by Martin Luther King Jr calls for an end to racism in the United States and calls for civil and economic rights in 1963.


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