Southern Africa Pages 377-396

Landfroms and Bodies of Water

  • the region of Southern Africa consist of the 10 southernmost countries on the African continent.
  • Southern Africa is bordered by the Indian Ocean.
  • The country of Madagascar occupies the worlds fourth largest island

Landforms

  • A series of plateaus that rage in elevation from 3,000 feet to 6,000 feet cover most of the region
  • A escarpment runs parallel to the Atlantic Coast and continues though Namibia.
  • Southern Africa is covered by a huge plateau.

Bodies of Water

  • Zambezi
  • Limpopo
  • Orange drain

What Type of Landform is Common in Southern Africa?

  • Plateaus

Climate - Tropical Zones

  • The tropic of Capricorn crosses the middle of Southern Africa
  • Northern Angola and Mozambique have tropical wet - dry climate
  • Each area gets to about 70 inches of water a year.

Temperature Zones

  • Annual rainfall varies from 8 inches in some areas and 24 inches in others.
  • Droughts are common is some places, they last years.
  • Most of the areas are semiarid.

Desert Regions

  • In some years there is no rainfall.
  • The Kalahari also gets a little

why are temperatures in southern Africa's tropical countries generally not hot?

  • Rainfall

What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?

  • Mineral resources, because they help Africa build a strong economy

South Africa's Resources

  • South Africa has some of the largest mineral reserves in the world.
  • It is the world's largest producer of platinum, chromium, and gold.

Energy Resources

  • South Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Mozambique mine and burn coal from their own deposits to produce moat of there electric power.
  • Their rivers also provide electric power.

Minerals and Other Resources

  • Gold is the leading export of Zimbabwe
  • Mozambique has the world's largest supply of the rare metal tantalite.

Wildlife

  • Southern Africa is known for its variety of animal life.
  • Tourist come from throughout the world to see these animals.

How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?

  • deforestation allows more sediment to enter the rivers, which reduces the water flow and the electricity that the rivers produce.

Credits:

Created with images by Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "World Map - Abstract Acrylic" • Wolfgang Staudt - "beach" • Richard Allaway - "Coastal Landform - Sea Cave. Pembroke, South Wales, UK" • Ertz - "lake reflections mountain" • Fimb - "Morning Glory in the tropical zone" • BLMOregon - "Donner und Blitzen Wild and Scenic River" • Retlaw Snellac Photography - "saudi arabia" • D-Stanley - "King Protea" • Pavlofox - "energy of technology consumption" • mypubliclands - "Areas of Critical Environmental Concern" • AjayLalu - "zebra wildlife africa"

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