Ancient India By: Izzy

Geography:

  • The location is in Asia. The bodies of waters are the Bay of Bengal ,Arabian sea ,and Ganges River. Ancient India’s climate and weather varied depending where you were. There were three basic seasons in India. They were defined as hot and dry, hot and wet, and cold and dry. The average temperature is 74 degrees. As you can see, they don’t have specific names like our seasons in the U.S. do. However, India has climate regions. Climate regions summarize what the climate or weather is like year-round. The land in Ancient India is Thar desert, Brahmaputra river, Deccan plateau,Eastern and western Ghats, and Ganges river.

History:

It started around 3000 BCE and ended 232 BC. It ended because King Askos died. People started killing the other kings and each other. Their Enemies were the Aryans, Romans, and the Greeks. They invented Mathematics, Stringed musical instruments, yoga,chess,and shampoo. Yoga gave inner peace and harmony. Urban civilization first appeared in ancent India with the Indus Valley civilization in the early third millennium BC, in what is today Pakistan and north-west India. This was contemporary with other early civilizations of the ancient world, in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt, and is one of the earlist civilizations in world history. It is famous for its large and well-planned cities.The period lasted from around 1500 BC through to 500 BC; that is, from the early days of the Aryan migrations through to the age of the Buddha.Cotton was first developed around 2000 B.C. and Indus valley people were the first to turn cotton into yarn and weaving the yarn into cloth.

People:

There was 1,400 cities,35,000 people lived in each city. Their language was Picturegrah. Girls learned how to run a household from their mom. Boys stay home and learn the Alphabet first, then they get further school.The average ancient indian house was home to children,parents,grandparents, aunts and uncles. The father/husband was the head of the head of the household. He can marry up to 2 or more wives. The wives often do what they want. As one ancient Indian farmer once said, “In ancient India, the Brahmins have all the power.”They were “ranked” in order of importance.

Culture:

Meals they ate was rice,wheat,lentil,and spicy gravy. For a snack they eat chapati or other fruit,vegetables, or meat. Some didn’t eat because of their religious beliefs. Some of their rituals were Ganesha, Navaratri, Dasara ,Diwali, and Holi. Hinduism is a worldwide tradition that is based on the vedas. And is direct descendant of the vedic religion. Hinduism evolved from monolithic religion into a multitude of traditions over a period of 1,500 years. Beliefs,codes,and principles vary from region to region. It is the third largest religion in the world. Buddhism, know in ancient india as Buddha Dharma, originated in northern india in what is today the state of Bihar. Up to the 9th century, india followers numbered in the hundreds or millions. Men dressed up in elaborate headdresses. Women wore simple smock dresses. Cloth wrapped around the body many times. Their art was statues, carved pottery, furniture inlaid with precious stones.

Government:

Kings and warriors, keep an eye on business operations throughout the kingdom.Chandragupta Mary was a really powerful king. Different groups fought for power to be king. The king and his advisers formed a government that determined how a city was built. Their social class was 1.Priest,2.King,warriors,3. Traders,mergents,4.farmers,and ordinary people. Their laws in the vedic period were the constitutional and administrative,criminal,contract, labour,company,tort,property,and tax law. Nobody knows what Indian government was like in the Harappan period. Probably they had a king over each city, as in West Asia at the same time.By about 1500 BC, after the Indo-European invasion, all of the people in India seem to have been divided up into castes.

Economy:

Types of jobs there was traders, crafters,merchants,priests. The money they used was coins (gold,silver,copper,and alloys). Sometimes they would use the Barter or swapping system ,rather than money. The main things they traded with were spices,jewels,ebony,surplus grain, pottery vases, inlays, ivory combs, pearls, precious woods, and semi-precious stones. They traded with distant countries.The people of Indus valley civilization traded with Sumer and Sumerian merchants referred them as Meluhha. They also traded with Mesopotamia and Egypt. They sent merchant ships to the island of Tilmun in the Persian Gulf.

Leisure:

Games and sports they played were wrestling,caturanga,archery,falconry,polo,cook fighting,ram fighting,and kite flying. There were two or three rooms in each home.Children were born into the varna of their parents.People in higher varnas had larger houses than people in lower vanas.Village houses were smaller than in large cities. Village houses were one level high and made of straw,bamboo, or wood. Rich people in cities had houses made of brick or wood.

Today:

India gave us candied sugar.They furthered our knowledge of science,maths-and invented chaturanga which became the game of chess. According to Albert Einstein, they “taught us how to count” as they invented the numbers 1-9 and “zero.” Indians pioneered plastic surgery,reconstruct the noses and eas on the faces of people who had been disfigured through punishment or warfare. Ancient skeletons found in india. The remains recovered from a cemetery in the northern state of Haryana of two adults males, a female, and a child.

Credits:

Created with images by History Maps - "India - India Map" • neiljs - "Jama Masjid, Old Delhi" • PDPics - "crowd crowded street" • terimakasih0 - "statue lord ganesha religious" • ResoluteSupportMedia - "100225-M-5645B-012" • PDPics - "anna coin india" • Nara J - "Mancala - African Board Game" • VinothChandar - "Early morning yoga @ Chennai Marina Beach"

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