Open Range were public areas that were north of Texas. They were popular in 1866-1890. In the public areas there could be up to 5 million heads of cattle. Places like Nebraska, Montana and other western states and territories were pasturelands for Texas ranchmen and cowboys.
A Long Drive was the process of herding of thousands of cattle including cows, longhorns and sometimes horses. The Long Drive takes 2 weeks at a time. Cowboy's lives were very dangerous, they had to encounter bad weather, thieves, Indians, dangerous animals, and stampedes.