The World Best Biodiversity Country Brazil. By:Shubon husan

Picture of Brazil Flag and Map.

Introduction: Brazil is home to one of the richest biodiversity in the world (being a member of a group comprising 17 megadiverse countries). This way, the country is especially responsible for a change in concepts. Consequently, it recently started a consultation process to define public policies capable of implementing large-scale sustainable practices.

Picture of a Lguazu largest waterfalls in the world between Brazil and Argentina

Brazil is in between of the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantic forest, the woody savanna -like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts. It ranks second in mammals and amphibians, third in birds, reptiles and fish.

Picture of Reo di Janeiro.

Country: Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest nation in the world. It forms an enormous triangle on the eastern side of the continent with a 4,500-mile (7,400-kilometer) coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil biological diversity is the largest in the world. It is the owner of approximately 23% of the planet's biological resources of it is estimated that there are over 2 million different species of plants, animals, and micro organisms in Brazil.

Picture in Amazon Rainforest.

Environment and Ecosystem: Brazil is a magnificent country with a diverse, complex geography. It is the number one biodiversity country in the world. However, like every country in the world, it has its own set of environmental issues. These threaten different aspects of the natural abundance and are being addressed by a variety of organizations and initiatives.

Picture of Pantanal in Brazil.

As such a vast tropical wetland, the Pantanal is a very precious resource of Brazil, home to an array of plant- and animal species. In fact, up to 12 sub-regional ecosystems have been identified within the Pantanal, each of which has its own unique identity and characteristics.

Picture of a bird in Amazon Rainforest.

Animal/Organism: The name "finger monkey" or sometimes "pocket monkey" isn't exactly a scientific name or even a common name for a particular monkey, it's just a monkey that can cling to somebody's finger or fit in a shirt pocket. Mostly, however, what has popularized the idea of a finger monkey are some images that have come out from zoos and rescue centers of baby pygmy marmosets clinging to the fingers of caretakers. Finger monkeys are found in slightly ragged wooded terrains of forest Amazon in countries including Colombia, South America, Ecuador and additionally Brazil. Finger monkeys are usually thirteen to fourteen inches long. Finger monkeys are found in low popularity range that they are classified as “Least Concern” species by IUCN. They could be seen in different parts of the planet; they’re living in massive numbers within the forest Amazon.

Picture of Pygmy Marmoset.

Pygmy Marmoset: They are known as the Pocket Monkey, Little Lion, and the Dwarf Monkey. They are listed as Vulnerable .They live in Amazon rain forest too. It is notable for being the smallest monkey and one of the smallest primates in the world at just over 100 grams. Those monkey are Omnivorous. The Pygmy Marmoset is very different from most other species of Monkeys. Theirs consists of sap and gum. That is what they will survive on if they are able to do so. They need a diet that offers them high amounts of carbohydrates. They may consume plants, fruit, and insects if they can’t get enough sap or gum. Pygmy marmoset Facts. Pygmy marmoset is a type of primate that is best known as the smallest monkey in the world. It can be found in Brazil, Peru, Columbia and Ecuador. Pygmy marmosets live in dense, tropical rainforests, lowland forests and areas that are flooded for more than three months during the year. They eat both plant and animal-based food (omnivores). They eat different type of fruit, nectar, leaves and small invertebrates (such as insects). And they can live 10 years.

1)https://news.mongabay.com/2016/05/top-10-biodiverse-countries/.

2)www.softschools.com/facts/animals/pygmy_marmoset_facts/301/.

3)http://www.iucnredlist.org/

4)http://www.monkeyworlds.com/pygmy-marmoset/

5)http://www.answers.com/Q/Where_do_Pygmy_marmosets_live?#slide=1

Credits:

Created with images by icelight - "Swamp Basin" • Deni Williams - "Parque Nacional do Iguaçú / Iguaçu National Park" • fessell810 - "Rio Itaya" • Almir Cândido de Almeida - "Galo-da-serra" • jwm_angrymonkey - "Pygmy Marmoset"

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