Agriculture By: James Hays

First Agricultural Revolution

The first agricultural revolution was the transition of humans from nomadic hunting and gathering to agricultural production of domestic plants and animals. It started around 11,000BC. During this time humans dramatically changed their behaviors and became more civilized. It changed the way humans live by making many technological advances possible and allowed the population to grow dramatically.

People during the first cultural revolution farming to supply themselves with food.

Second Agricultural Revolution

The second revolution is primarily based on the advancements in technology that allowed greater agricultural advancements and the improved crops that made farming more productive and efficient. This occurred during the 17th and 18th century. Many crops were introduced to farming and equipment was improved to be more productive.

People farm using improved farming equipment.

Third Agricultural Revolution

The third agricultural revolution, also called the green revolution, was a time that was an international effort to reduce hunger by improving crops. The third agricultural revolution occurred through the 1970s and 80s. There was new advancements in crops including GMO's and GE's.

GMO's are being put in the crops to make farming more efficient.

Genetically Modified Organisms

Genetically modified organisms (GMO's) are when a gene from an organism is changed or removed to improve the crop. The main purpose of GMO's is to reduce or eliminate the use of pesticides. The pros of GMO's are resistance to insects, and tolerance to heat, cold, or drought. Cons are that they can be potentially harmful to your health.

Subsistence, Sustainable, and Commercial Farming.

Subsistence farming is when people farm only enough food to provide for themselves and their family. Sustainable farming is when people use farming techniques that protect the environment. Commercial farming is when farm in a large scale to produce a massive amount of food by using the latest techniques and machines.

Subsistence, sustainable, and commercial farming.

Fun Facts

  1. In 1954, the number of tractors on farms surpassed the number of horses and mules for the first time.
  2. In 1890-99 the average consumption of commercial fertilizer was 1,845,900 tons per year. From 1980-89 it was 47,411,166 tons per year.
  3. In 1830, it took about 250 to 300 labor hours to produce 100 bushels (5 acres) of wheat. In 1975, it took just 3¾ hours.
  4. For every $1 spent on food, farmers get less than 12 cents for the raw product.

Sources

http://factfile.org/10-facts-about-agricultural-revolution

http://loyolaaphugfar.weebly.com/

http://www.lewishistoricalsociety.com/wiki/tiki-print_article.php?articleId=2

http://aphgagreviewmohler.weebly.com/top-ten-of-agriculture.html

http://www.bt.ucsd.edu/gmo.html

http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe70s/pests_08.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subsistence_agriculture

http://www.sustainabletable.org/246/sustainable-agriculture-the-basics

http://facts.randomhistory.com/farming-facts.html

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Created with images by AnnaER - "field cereals rye"

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