Italy: His inspired speeches led his people to believe they could be restored in their pride, power, and world status. Fascist leader known as Benito Mussolini, also known as Il Duce, rises to power. Symbol of country is Roman axe bundled tightly with rods. Youth followers, known as “Sons of the Wolf”. Many people feel increasingly fearful of the unpredictable world. Began Fascist doctrine that appealed to the upper and middle classes. His “Black Shirts” broke up strikes, intimidated workers, and drove elected socialist from office. People in early post war era live for the moment, not planning on future. The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany. A single political party dominated by a single man.