Interwar period TanneR and Case

All countries

England: Outdated factories and “replaced” as industrial leader by Japan and America. Ramsay MacDonald, leader of the Labour Party in the political arena. Easter Rising: revolt against their government in an attempt to gain independence but resulted in executions of many of the movements leaders. IRA terrorist group fights for their independence. The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany. Violence played a major role in politics. Many people feel increasingly fearful of the unpredictable world. People in early post war era live for the moment, not planning on future.

America: Black Tuesday, Oct. 29, 1929: because of speculation, stock market crashed plunging the nation into depression. Movies become big entertainment. Women start wearing hair and skirts shorter and start hanging in jazz clubs. The “Flappers”. Many people feel increasingly fearful of the unpredictable world. Led by Hebert Hoover in the early stages of the depression years, later led by FDR. Social Security Act of 1935 provided unemployment and old-aged benefits. New Deal: a series of reforms in an attempt to drag their country out of the depression. People in early post war era live for the moment, not planning on future.

France: Farmland as well as entire cities of the North lay in ruins as a result of the battles of WWI. Spent large amount of money to fortify borders with the Maginot Line. Many people feel increasingly fearful of the unpredictable world. People in early post war era live for the moment, not planning on future. The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany. Violence played a major role in politics.

Germany: Leader known as der Fuhrer. His inspired speeches led his people to believe they could be restored in their pride, power, and world status. Secretly began to rebuild and rearm the army. Nazi Party leader Adolph Hitler becomes Chancellor & begins the Third Reich. The Weimar Republic was the federal government establish after the war, however it proved to be weak and ineffective. To help rid the country of the communist his party staged the burning of the Reichstag building and blamed the communist. Open violation of the Treaty of Versailles when he marched his troops into the Rhineland. Many people feel increasingly fearful of the unpredictable world. The Beer Hall Putsch was an attempt to oust the government. The future leader of the country was involved and jailed for his Involvement. Began Fascist doctrine that appealed to the upper and middle classes. People in early post war era live for the moment, not planning on future. In a book by the future leader of the country known as Mein Kampf, his racial superiority theory was laid out. A single political party dominated by a single man.

Italy: His inspired speeches led his people to believe they could be restored in their pride, power, and world status. Fascist leader known as Benito Mussolini, also known as Il Duce, rises to power. Symbol of country is Roman axe bundled tightly with rods. Youth followers, known as “Sons of the Wolf”. Many people feel increasingly fearful of the unpredictable world. Began Fascist doctrine that appealed to the upper and middle classes. His “Black Shirts” broke up strikes, intimidated workers, and drove elected socialist from office. People in early post war era live for the moment, not planning on future. The Locarno Pact in which a series of treaties state problems will be solved peacefully, and guaranteed existing boundaries between France and Germany. A single political party dominated by a single man.

Soviet Union: New Economic Plan kept heavy industry, communications, transportation, and credit systems under government control. The 5-year plan resulted in decreased agricultural output and many starve. Vladimir Lenin rose to lead the country. Became a command economy in which government controlled all economic decisions. The death of Lenin led to a power struggle between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Stalin will win the fight. Many people feel increasingly fearful of the unpredictable world. Agriculture grouped to form collective farms and people worked together to bring in the crops using the scarce farm machinery. Violence played a major role in politics.

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