Tunsiaia is a country in north Africa that is borded by the Mediterranean Sea and close the to the Sahara desert. You can see Tunisia is a spectacular place It struggles from Physical water scarcity.
Water scarcity Types
What is water scarcity, Physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity? Water scarcity is when there is't enough water to benifit our needs. physical water scarcity is when there is Physically not enough water to for fill our needs for example most of Africa is suffering from water scarcity because it Physical no water there. Economic water scarcity is when you don't have the money to afford infrastructure such as pipelines.
Some Factors That are causing water scarcity
Some of the factors that are causing water scarcity in Tunisia is Rainfall. the average rainfall in Tunisia is 66.8mm if you compare that to Perth that is 137.8mm less, their gigantic population growth is around 9 times more than are's this makes it extremely hard to save water. Surprisingly Tunisia water quality is quite decent, in urban areas the the drinking water is 100% clean with no parasites. But in rural area it is 90% containing small ammounts of parasites. "Socie'te Nationale d' Exploitation" a national water a supply authority, are designing a small and a medium water supplies in the remaining rural areas.
As you can see tunsia is next to Algeria and Libya
Question One: what is the cause of water scarcity in Tunisia
The cause of water scarcity is Tunisia is the high evaporating and low run off, this not good the high evaporation makes 65% to evaporate that makes 35% of the water to run off. You may think that is not that bad but if you think about 66.8mm is their yearly rainfall 75% evaporates and 25% gets reused. It makes it even harder because of there fast population growth. You can see how lucky that we Live in Australia.
Patterns of rainfall in Tunisia