Landforms and bodies of water
- The Kalahari Desert is a hug, sand-covered plateau that rises about 3,000 feet above sea level.
- The Drakensberg mountains run parallel to the Indian Ocean coastline for about 700 miles.
- The Zambezi River is the longest river in Southern Africa.
Which type of land form is common in Southern Africa?
Climate and tropical Zones
- Southern Africa has a wide variety of climates that range from humid to arid, to hot to cool.
- Northern Angola and Mozambique get a approximately 70 inches of rainfall per year.
- Northern Angola an northern Mozambique have a tropical wet-dry climate.
- Central Namibia, eastern Botswana, and southern Mozambique are semiarid.
- The temperature on a summer day is about 70 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit, and that depends on elevation.
- Western South Africa, western Namibia, and most of Botswana are arid.
- The daily average temperature is from 48 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit.
Why are temperatures in Southern Africa's tropical countries generally not hot?
The high elevation makes the temperature cooler.
- Southern Africa is Africa's richest region in natural resources.
- Some countries rely on the natural resources found in South Africa.
What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?
You can find gold, coal, iron ore, uranium, copper, assorted minerals, oil, gems, and many other natural resources in South Africa. Some countries rely on the natural resources in South Africa to stay financially stable.
South Africa's Resources
- Some of the largest mineral reserves can be found in the Republic of Africa.
- The mining industry has attracted workers and investments from different countries that have helped South Africa's industries grow.
- Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and the Republic of South Africa mine and burn coal from their own deposits to make most of their electric power.
- Zambia and Zimbabwe get some of their electricity from the giant Kariba Gorge dam on the Zambezi River.
Minerals and Other Resources
- Gold, tantalite, platinum, diamonds, iron ore, and copper can all be found in Mozambique.
- Malawi's most important natural resource is fertile soil which is used for subsistence farming.