World War II - Important Leaders benito mussolini & Hideki tojo

BENITO MUSSOLINI

  • His full name was Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini. He was born on July 29, 1883 in Dovis, Italy. His father was a blacksmith while his mother was a schoolteacher. “Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was born in Dovis, Italy on July 29, 1883 and was the son of a blacksmith and a schoolteacher”(Fredrikson).
  • He also has the thought of fascism, which is like Adolf Hitler, in other word, Hitler was inspired by Mussolini. He also created an Italy Fascist Party in Italy. “Mussolini's concept of fascism was his own unique blend of nationalism, imperialism, corporatism, and a political alliance with large business interests. His Italian Fascist Party was founded officially and began its quest for political conquest in Italy”(Fredrikson).
  • He delayed declaring war on France until 1940 and then declared war on France in 1940 since Italy was still kind of weak so it can’t keep up to the world until Hitler’s conquest of western Europe was nearly complete. “the Italian economy was still feeble and unable to sustain any moves toward world domination. Mussolini realized that weakness and delayed declaring war on France until 1940, after the German conquest of western Europe was nearly complete”(Fredrikson).
  • Mussolini and Hitler have kind of the same thoughts about fascism so they ally with the other in World War II especially Italy accepted the rescue from Germany in 1941. “They had to be rescued by Germany from a near disaster in the Balkans in 1941”(Fredrikson).
Italian dictator Benito Mussolini (left) and German chancellor Adolf Hitler in Munich, Germany

HIDEKI TOJO

  • He was born on December 30, 1884 in Tokyo, Japan in a samurai family. His father was a successful army general so he’s somehow influenced by his father. By 1929, he became commander of the prestigious First Infantry Regiment. “Tojo was born in Tokyo, Japan, on December 30, 1884, into an old samurai family. His father, an accomplished army general. By 1929, Tojo had also become commander of the prestigious First Infantry Regiment”(Fredriksen).
  • He allied with Germany and Italy in World War II, and he supported Japan on its invasions of Indochina after the fall of France in 1940. “He became a vocal proponent of the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy and supported Japan's occupation of Indochina following the 1940 defeat of France”(Fredriksen).
  • While he was still on German side, he kept attacking Asia, which heated up the tensions between Japan and the United States, but besides that, he relaxed toward Russia, who was allied with the United States, for awhile because he knew that is impossible to avoid that war with the Western democracies. “Japan's aggressive actions in Asia led to strained relations with the United States. Tojo temporarily relaxed his hostility toward Russia for what he viewed as the inevitable conflict with the Western democracies”(Fredriksen).
  • On December, 1941 he declared war with the United States by attacking Pearl Harbor, Hawaii because he knew that Roosevelt would not give up his demand for a Japanese evacuation of China. “When it became apparent that U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt would not rescind his demand for a Japanese evacuation of China, Tojo authorized the navy to attack U.S. military installations in Pearl Harbor, the Philippines, and elsewhere in December 1941”(Fredriksen).
General Hideki Tojo (1884-1948), the new Japanese Premier, who is directing talks between his government and the United States State Department.

Works cited

  • Portrait of Hideki Tojo Corbis, 2006. Image.Discovery Education. Web. 19 April 2017. <http://www.discoveryeducation.com/>.
  • "Amphibious Training at Guadalcanal." World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO, 2017, worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/334704.
  • "Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler in 1940." World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO, 2017, worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/334659.
  • "Franklin D. Roosevelt." World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO, 2017, worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/318200
  • Fredriksen, John C. "Hideki Tojo." World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO, 2017, worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/316056
  • Fredriksen, John C. "Adolf Hitler." World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO, 2017, worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/314743
  • Fredriksen, John C. "Benito Mussolini." World History: The Modern Era, ABC-CLIO, 2017, worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/315285
  • Lee, Deborah. "World War Ii, 1939–1945." American History, ABC-CLIO, 2017, americanhistory.abc-clio.com/Topics/Display/17

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