The Globe Theater Josh Swift P:4

Thesis: The Globe Theater had many uncommon aspects during Shakespeare's time that are shown through its history, design, and its actors.

This photo shows the outside of the Globe Theater.

History:

Quote #1: "The brothers Cuthbert and Richard Burbage constructed the theater in 1599 from the timbers of London's first playhouse, called The Theatre" (Seidel).

Commentary: The Globe Theater was built in 1599 in an area called the Bank side on the south side of the Thames river. It was the first place where plays could be performed in London built by Cuthbert and Richard Burbage, who were brothers.

Quote #2: "In 1613, the Globe burned down. It was rebuilt on the same foundation and reopened in 1614. The Globe was shut down in 1642 and torn down in 1644" (Seidel).

Commentary: There were many times where the theater was destroyed. Every time something happened where it was no longer standing, it was reconstructed.

Quote #3: "A reconstruction of the theater was completed 200 yards (183 meters) from the original site in 1996, and it officially opened in 1997" (Seidel).

Commentary: After being torn down the last time in 1644, it was not until 1977 where they would rebuild the Globe Theater. It was not built on the same exact ground as before, but it was 200 yards away.

Quote #4: "By the late 1500’s, Elizabethan plays were being performed in two kinds of theater buildings—later called public and private theaters. Public theaters were larger than private ones and held at least 2,500 people" ("Seidel.)

Commentary: There were two types of Shakespeare theaters near the end of the 1500's. They acted the same way besides the fact that one was private and one was public.

This picture shows a play being performed as well as the pit, where people could view the play upfront.

Design:

Quote #5: " Public theaters, like the Theater or the Globe, were large wooden structures that were roughly circular" (Benson).

Commentary: Shakespeare's theaters were big and built of wood. Unlike theaters now, his were usually round and circular.

Quote #6: "The galleries along the sides were covered, but most of the structure, including the large raised stage which projected about halfway into the theater, was unroofed" (Benson).

Commentary: The theaters in this time period had no roofs, and plays had to be performed during daylight. The only sections that were covered were the outermost seats.

Quote #7: "The theater may have held as many as 3,000 spectators. Its stage occupied the open-air space, with a pit in front for standing viewers. The stage was surrounded by several levels of seating" (Lander).

Commentary: The Globe could fit quite a lot of people. It could hold 3000 citizens and included a pit for people to stand, rather than sit, directly off the stage. This theater also had many levels where people could sit.

Quote #8: "The main stage had a large trapdoor. Actors playing the parts of ghosts and spirits could rise and disappear through the door. The trap door, when opened, could also serve as a grave" (Lander).

Commentary: The Globe Theater had a trapdoor on the stage to act as different aspects of a play. They could be imagined as a grave or they could be an pathway for actors to enter from.

This is another photo of the exterior of the theater.

Actors:

Quote #9: "Plays were originally performed by the all-male medical trade guilds, so all women's parts were played by boys" (Anderson 779).

Commentary: In the time of Shakespeare, all characters in a play were played by men that had voices that have not developed yet.

Quote #10: "The Globe came of age as just one of many theatrical venues, but it quickly became the premier theater of its era, producing some of the best plays and actors in Elizabethan England" (Robson 201).

Commentary: The Globe Theater contained the best plays and actors to be releases in this time period. It was the best theater to visit at this time period.

This picture shows the stage, balcony, and some seating areas.

Works Cited

Anderson, Robert. “Shakespeare and His Theatre: A Perfect Match.” Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 778-780.

Benson, Sonia G., editor. “Shakespeare, William.” Gale Virtual Reference Library, 2007, go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?tabID=T003&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R1&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=1&userGroupName=tmulvusd&inPS=true&sort=RELEVANCE&contentSegment=&prodId=GVRL&contentSet=GALE%7CCX2587000052&&docId=GALE|CX2587000052&docType=GALE. Accessed 7 Dec. 2016. pp. 197-207

Seidel, MIchael “Globe Theater.” World Book Advanced, www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar226380&st=the+globe+theater#tab=homepage. Accessed 4 Dec. 2016.

Lander, Jesse M. “Shakespeare, William.” World Book Advanced, www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar504520&st=globe+theater#h21. Accessed 4 Dec. 2016.

Robson, David. Shakespeare’s Globe Theater. 1st Edition ed., EPUB ed., ReferencePoint Press, 2014. pp. 201

Rowse, A.L. “Shakespeare’s Supposed `Lost’ Years.” EBSCOhost. EBSCOhost, web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/search/selectdb?vid=0&sid=9e73ccdf-db1a-4839-b27e-1b58eeb89817%40sessionmgr1. Accessed 8 Dec. 2016.

EXTRA CREDIT

Credits:

Created with images by Martin Pettitt - "London 19 October 2004 23 globe theatre" • WoogyChuck - "Globe Theatre" • ahisgett - "Globe stage" • City.and.Color - "Shakespeare's Globe Theatre" • mckaysavage - "UK - 32 - Globe Theatre"

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