Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1769 in the Waxhaws region in South Carolina. His parents names are Andrew and Elizabeth Jackson and they were immigrants from Ireland. They grew up in poverty in the Waxhaws wilderness. Andrew Jackson had a brother named Hugh who died in the battle of Stono Ferry in 1779. Andrew joined a local militia at age 13 and served as a patriot courier. At age 14, Jackson was orphaned because of the deaths of his family during the Revolutionary war which led to his antipathy for the British. Jackson was later raised by his uncles and then began studying law in Salisbury, North Carolina in his late teens.
Growing up Andrew Jackson had minimal education, but in his late teens he studied law for around two years, earned admission to the North Carolina bar, and eventually became an outstanding young senator in what would soon be Tennessee.
Before becoming the president Andrew Jackson had different government jobs. He was a representative, a senator in Tennessee, the governor of Florida, and he was a soldier/ war hero in the battle of New Orleans.
During his campaign Jackson wanted justice for the “common man”. He felt like the government favored the rich, and since he came from a poor background he was able to relate to these people. Jackson wanted more rights for regular people, one of the things he wanted to do is extend suffrage to ordinary people. When he won office if was referred to as the victory of the “common man”, and he rewarded his loyal supporters with government jobs. During Jackson’s presidency two political parties emerged the democrats (formerly the democrat- republicans) which were the Jackson supporters, and the Whig party who opposed Andrew Jackson. At this time the democratic party stood for strong federal government power. Soon after taking office Jackson vetoed the bill to renew the second bank of the United States, and it closed when its charter ran out in 1836. Andrew Jackson was also responsible for the Trail of Tears, where the lives of thousands of Native Americans were lost. Jackson, the 7th president of the United States, was on office for eight years form March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837.
Impact + Legacy
Legacy is controversial for Andrew Jackson. Andrew Jackson extended suffrage for the non wealthy but he overturned the national bank. He also caused the trail of tears which killed thousands of Native Americans. With his actions during his presidency, he has made his way on the 20 dollar bill. A famous quote from Andrew Jackson is, "the duty of government is to leave commerce to its own capital and credit as well as all other branches of business, protecting all in their legal pursuits, granting exclusive privileges to none".
Andrew Jackson lived with a bullet in his chest for 40 years because he was shot in a duel and the bullet could not be safely removed.
When Andrew Jackson’s wife dies he asked his niece to become first lady and hostess of the White House.
Jackson was the only president to be held as a prisoner of war.