Alexander the Great, was the world's greatest conqueror of the ancient world. He took over a Hellenized kingdom, when his father Phillip II was killed in 336 BCE. Alexander was born in 356 BCE. His father came into power during the destruction of Greece during the war of Peloponnesian.
Alexander the Great was tutored by Aristotle. Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher, as well as a teacher. His discoveries in the science field, helped make some of today's modern science technologies.
He is widely considered to be a great general in war. He conquered many areas of land over the course of his short life, he died when he was only 32 years old. Many historians now, say that he might not have been a great general if it wasn't for the spears his army carried. The spears, were called Sarrisas, and they were quite a bit longer than the average spear back in the day.
Alexander the Great never lost battle, and his army was quite large. In 334 BCE he sent 34,000 men to invade Asia Minor, present day Turkey, and Palestine. His troops would travel in what is called a Phalanx, which is were cavalrymen were in the front and men on horseback were located in the back. This proved to be most successful, because he and his army are the ones who defeated the Persian Empire.
Alexander conquered many cities, and civilizations, but however his empire did not last very long. In fact he never really stayed in one place long enough for the cities to rebuild under his rule. His father wanted to free the people of the different countries, while Alexander wanted to destroy the colonies. After Alexander's death in 323 BCE, four major cultures emerged that lasted longer than Alexander the Great's Empire.
The Ptolemic Empire, which named after an officer, in Alexander's Army. It was located on the top of the Egyptian country. This empire would rule for 275 years, and Cleopatra is known for leading this Empire during the time period.
The Seleucid Empire rule began with the collapse of Alexander's empire. The Seleucid Empire began when Seleucos I, one of Alexander the Great's former favorite companions, in 321 BCE. He first ruled it briefly until 315 BCE, when he was forced to flee to Egypt under pressure of Antigonos. He then formed a revenge plot with the Ptolemy empire to take back the area of Babylon, which eventually did in the year of 305 BCE.
Antigonus was also a known general in Alexander's the Great army. Once the empire spilt he took over the area of Asia Minor, and Northern Syria. He tried to take over several other areas in Alexander's empire but ultimately failed when he died in battle in 301 BCE. This empire collapsed in 168 BCE, when it was defeated my the Romans.
Lysimachus was another General in the Army. The city of Pergamum, was on top of a hill side. After years of unrest Lysimachus took control over the city. In 282 BCE Lysimachus, went into battle, where he died during the war. His first lieutenant, Philatauerus of Tieium, who gathered money to get independence from the rest of Alexander's Empire. However, due to his low numbers, only 9,000 men, he swore loyalty to the Selucids, making them apart of that empire