AOK: Natural Sciences Navi Chawla

Navi Chawla

AOK: History

“To what extent is scientific knowledge based in faith?”

Progress Journal:

4-6-17

The video was interesting in that it refreshed my memory of what the Scientific Method was because I already knew what it was. I learned how there is nothing wrong with questioning different things in science; in fact, its encouraged so that scientists can make new advancements in their assorted fields.No scientific fact or law is set in stone. It can be improved or even proven wrong. The scientific method is a tool which we can use to prove or debunk our theories.

Rig Veda Creation Myth:

Rational thought > Faith/Religion: The Hindu is not asked to blindly follow a practice or a belief. The author says to question everything about his religion and about knowledge unless there are facts (there aren’t). This is a metaphysical question.

Talks about a paradox that is still questioned by scientists today. “How can the universe have sprung into existence, i.e. how can something come out of nothing? How can there be a beginning, before which there was nothing?”

It has few features in common with the Big Bang theory. The Big Bang model theorizes that the universe was once 12in an extremely hot and dense state which began to expand rapidly (and continues to do so) and resulted in the current state of the world. The passage from the Rig Veda talks about the universe forming from a mass, ignited by a seed or the heat of ‘lust’.

4-10-16: Today I learned about why the Rig Veda was included in the Prescribed Titles for Natural Sciences when it was a religious text rather than a scientific one; this inclusion was primarily because it was a religious text that asked a metaphysical question on how the universe was created. I will do my paragraph on the following question, “To what extent is scientific knowledge based in faith?” because it most closely relates to the Rig Veda passage that I read. I will talk about how you needs varying amounts of faith to gain scientific knowledge but yet you cannot blindly go off faith alone. You need a balance of both (preferably more fact than faith)

4-12-16: I learned about how one should properly structure a TOK paragraph and the proper grammar needed for it. Furthermore, I learned that a lot of the fluff that is often put into paragraphs can be disregarded and “less is more.”

Elective Reading:

Today I learned about why the Rig Veda was included in the Prescribed Titles for Natural Sciences when it was a religious text rather than a scientific one; this inclusion was primarily because it was a religious text that asked a metaphysical question on how the universe was created. Rational thought > Faith/Religion: The Hindu is not asked to blindly follow a practice or a belief. The author says to question everything about his religion and about knowledge unless there are facts (there aren’t). This is a metaphysical question. Talks about a paradox that is still questioned by scientists today. “How can the universe have sprung into existence, i.e. how can something come out of nothing? How can there be a beginning, before which there was nothing?” It has few features in common with the Big Bang theory. The Big Bang model theorizes that the universe was once 12in an extremely hot and dense state which began to expand rapidly (and continues to do so) and resulted in the current state of the world. The passage from the Rig Veda talks about the universe forming from a mass, ignited by a seed or the heat of ‘lust’.

Documentation and Essential Question: “To what extent is scientific knowledge based in faith?”

Scientific knowledge is based on faith but only to a certain degree; however, it cannot be entirely based on faith alone because there needs to be a certain balance of actual fact and empirical evidence. The Rigveda focuses on this while discussing the metaphysical questions that come with contemplating how the universe was created; it has many features in common with the Big Bang theory. However, the author does not blindly accept this theory because there are many questions regarding this answer which he ponders upon in the passage. The author questions everything about his religion and about knowledge unless there is indubitable evidence which is what one should do in regards to scientific knowledge. Therefore scientific knowledge is based upon a certain amount of faith, but it has to be reinforced by data and evidence.

Extension: https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2015/11/why-scientific-faith-isnt-the-same-as-religious-faith/417357/: This article talks about the difference between scientific faith and religious faith which perfectly ties into the elective reading that I read about the Rig Veda.

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