The Bengal Tigers Habitat is found in parts of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Burma. The Habitat is varied; The consist of grasslands subtropical and tropical rain forests, scrub forests, wet and dry deciduous forests and mangroves.
The Bengal Tigers role in the ecosystem: Top predators control the populations of their prey animals. By feeding on wild deer, for example tigers keep the deer population within certain boundaries. If the population of deer were to exceed these boundaries, overgrazing of vegetation would likely occur. Although smaller predators, like leopard, are not tigers prey species tigers will kill them if prey populations are too low to sustain both predator species from becoming too abundant just as they keep the prey species from overpopulating.
The most significant immediate threat to the existence of wild tiger populations is the illegal trade in poached skins and body parts between India, Nepal and China. The governments of these countries have failed to implement adequate enforcement response, and wildlife crime remained a low priority in terms of political commitment and investment for years. There are well-organised gangs of professional poachers, who move from place to place and set up camp in vulnerable areas. Skins are rough-cured in the field and handed over to dealers, who send them for further treatment to Indian tanning centers. Buyers choose the skins from dealers or tanneries and smuggle them through a complex interlinking network to markets outside India, mainly in China.
An area of special interest lies in the Terai Arc Landscape in the Himalayan foothills of northern India and southern Nepal, where 11 protected areas composed of dry forest foothills and tall-grass savannas harbor tigers in a (19,000 sq mi) landscape. The goals are to manage tigers as a single metapopulation, the dispersal of which between core refuges can help maintain genetic, demographic, and ecological integrity, and to ensure that species and habitat conservation becomes mainstreamed into the rural development agenda.
WWF partnered with Leonardo DiCaprio to form a global campaign, Save Tigers Now, with the ambitious goal of building political, financial and public support to double the wild tiger population by 2022.
By 2011, the total population was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals with a decreasing trend. However None of the 'Tiger Conservation Landscapes' within the Bengal tiger's range is considered large enough to support an effective population size of 250 adult individuals.
In my opinion The Bengal Tiger is most likely to become extinct mainly because there isnt enough Forrest area that can support that many individuals. With the growing population of India its a mater of time when those species will become extinct. The more people India produces the more land will be needed to sustain that much population.
Bengal Tigers live alone and aggressively scent mark large territories to keep their rivals away, They are powerful nocturnal hunters that travel many miles to dins buffalo, deer, wild pigs, and other large mammals. Bengal Tigers use their distinctive coats as camouflage and believe it or not no two tigers have the exactly the same stripes. They lie in wait and creep close enough to attack their victims with a quick spring and fatal pounce. A hungry tiger can eat as mush as 60 pounds in one night although they usually eat less.