Deforestation in India By: Tashmia Islam

Introduction: The term ‘deforestation’ describes the complete long term removal of tree cover. The loss forest cover influences the climate and contributes to a loss of biodiversity. The economic activity is affected by dilatation, flooding, soil degradation and reduced timber supplies. Even, threatens the livelihood of people. Deforestation in India is the widespread destruction of major forests in India. It is mainly caused by environmental degradation by stakeholders such as farmers, ranches, loggers and plantation corporations. In 2009, India ranked 10th worldwide in the amount of forest loss, where world annual deforestation is estimated as 13.7 million hectares a year.

Map of deforestation in India!
Basic Reasons of Deforestation in India!

Agriculture: Due to overgrowing demand for food products, huge amount of tress are fell down to grow crops and for cattle gazing. Farmers that practice slash and burn.

Commercial Logging: Cutting of trees for fire wood and building material.

Overgrazing: Plants are exposed to intensive grazing for extended periods of time, or without sufficient recovery periods. It is being caused by livestock.

Increase in Population: To meet the demands of rapidly growing population, agricultural lands and settlements are created permanently by clearing forests.

Urbanization and Industrialization: The construction of roads are undertaken, here again trees are chopped to create roads. Overpopulation too directly affects forest covers, as with the expansion of cities more land is needed to establish housing and settlements.

Mining: Forest logging is done in the area of mines to increase the available room for the storage of soil. It causes environmental impacts like erosion, loss of biodiversity, contamination of soil, groundwater and surface water by chemicals from mining processes.

These trees are used for cooking food and other daily needs which require fuel .

WhO BeNeFiTs FrOm It??

In India, Farmers focus more on agriculture to feed their families instead of focusing on jobs that relate to business, doctor, and etc. They are very poor to even afford jobs so they make farming their job.

Negative Consequences: Deforestation has affected the lives of wild animals and birds including bats. Birds like sparrow, pigeon and crow are becoming rarer due to deforestation . Due to deforestation India is facing water problems in urban cities and villages.The species are vulnerable because of the continuing habitat conversion across most of its home range. These things seem to be going out of control with climate changes. It leads to the extinction of vital things.

Consequences

Extinction of flora and fauna

Relocation of wild life to urban areas

Heavy Soil Erosians

Global Warming

Flooding

Silting of Rivers and Dams

ARE TREES BEING REPLANTED? The smoggy cities of India are suddenly looking a lot greener, with just under 50 million trees having been planted in India. Indian officials have reported that volunteers planted 49.3 million tree saplings in 24 hours. In the agreement, signed on Earth Day 2016, India agreed to spend $6 billion to reforest 12 percent of its land. The forest will be replanted as a diverse ecosystem.

Bibliography: https://thewire.in/65037/deforestation-reducing-monsoon-rainfall-in-india-new-study/

Created By
TASHMIA ISLAM
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Created with images by LoggaWiggler - "taj mahal mausoleum agra"

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